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Glossary

Note: Words in italics refer to terms defined elsewhere on the list.

ABSTRACT
A brief summary of a book or article.

ACADEMIC INTEGRITY
The Center for Academic Integrity offers this definition: "A commitment, even in the face of adversity, to five fundamental values: honesty, trust, fairness, respect, and responsibility." (Center for Academic Integrity. The Fundamental Values of Academic Integrity.)  
 
ARTICLE
A small, self-contained essay on a topic, usually found in journals, periodicals, or encyclopedias.
 
ATTRIBUTION
Acknowledging in some forthright way the information taken from another source. Whether in print, on the web or through other media tell your reader where you obtained that information. Sometimes called documentation.
 
BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
The unit of information comprised of fields (e.g., title, author, publication date, etc.) which describe and identify a specific item in a bibliographic database. (See also citation.)
 
BIBLIOGRAPHY
A list of books, articles, electronic sources and other materials on a specific topic, arranged according to a particular system or scheme.
 
CITATION
Information which fully identifies a book or other item (such as a film, videocassette, CD-ROM). A complete citation usually includes author, title, name of journal (for articles), or publisher (for books), and date. Often pages, volumes and other information will be included in a citation. (See also bibliographic record and record.)
 
COMMON KNOWLEDGE
Widely held information that does not represent one person's or group's point of view and can be garnered from any number of general sources. An example might be the population of the United States or Freud's theory of the unconscious (Diana Hacker. A Writer's Reference. 5th ed. Boston: Bedford-St. Martin's, 2003. 83). Information that is common knowledge does not need to be cited. See discussion of common knowledge on Introduction to Academic Integrity Concepts page.
 
COPYRIGHT
"The exclusive legal right to reproduce, publish and sell a literary, musical, or artistic work." (City College of San Francisco. Library & Learning Resources. Encourage Academic Integrity and Prevent Plagiarism. )

DATABASE
Strictly speaking, any organized collection of computer entries or records, standardized in format and content and searchable electronically.
 
DIRECTORY
List of persons or organizations, usually arranged in alphabetical or classified order, giving addresses and other information.
 
ENCYCLOPEDIA
Reference work made up of individual articles written by experts on the various topics and giving a broad overview and background information.   May also include references to authoritative books and journal articles on a subject.
 
FULL TEXT DATABASE
Bibliographic database which contains many complete texts of  bibliographic items or periodical articles.
 
GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS
Publications issued by a government or international organization.  These include printed material, such as Congressional hearings, and electronic material, such as census information.
 
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
"The ownership of ideas and control of their use. Use of others' intellectual property may require payment or permission at times and always includes credit to the source." (City College of San Francisco. Library & Learning Resources. Encourage Academic Integrity and Prevent Plagiarism.)
 
INTERNET
Overall name for  the network of networks, made up of millions of computers from all over the world. Basic Internet tools include World Wide Web and e-mail.
 
JOURNAL
Periodical that contains scholarly articles or research in a given field of study.  (See also periodicals.)
 
PARAPHRASE
To translate a concept or idea into your own words and then cite the source of the idea.
 
PERIODICALS
Publications that are issued at least twice a year, including journals, magazines and newspapers. 
 
PLAGIARISM
"Using someone else's words without acknowledgment."  (Villanova University. Academic Integrity Code.) See also the extensive discussion of plagiarism in the Code.
 
QUOTE
Word for word transcription from a source document.  A quotation must always be enclosed in quotation marks ("      ") and attribution of the source is required. 
 
URL
Uniform Resource Locator. The unique address of any Web document. May be keyed in Netscape's OPEN or  LOCATION box to retrieve a document.
 
WORLD WIDE WEB (WWW)
A client-server information system that uses the Internet to access computers containing millions of hypertext documents.

 


Last Modified: Tuesday, June 2nd, 2009