Chicago Style Step-by-Step

Open Chicago Manual of Style in another browser window to work through this tutorial side by side.

Chicago style is the preferred style in the humanities. It requires complete bibliographic information in either footnotes or endnotes. A supplementary bibliography is recommended but not required.

cms coverVillanova students have access to the Chicago Manual of Style online. We will use the online manual on the right side of the screen to write Chicago-style references for the four most commonly used sources: books, book chapters, journal articles and websites.

Follow directions to navigate the online manual in the adjacent window. You may have to log in with your ldap password first, if you are off campus. Use the navigation arrows at the bottom to advance to the next page. Click on the right arrow below to start.

The Quick Guide

The Quick Guide demonstrates how to set up notes and bibliographic entries for the most commonly cited sources. Click on the link to open it.

Quick GuideScroll down to the template for notes and bibliographic entry for books written by one author:

Quick Guide exampleThe first note illustrates how to cite a book for the first time. The second note is the template for all subsequent references to the same book. Last but not least, the Quick Guide includes a template for the bibliographic entry. Advance to the next screen for a closer look at book citations.

Books

1 of 5In the following exercise you will cite page 55 of Fiorani's book about Renaissance maps. Take a piece of paper and write the note with the complete bibliographic information following the template on the Quick Guide.

Author: Francesca Fiorani
Title: The marvel of maps : art, cartography and politics in Renaissance Italy.
Publication year: 2005
Place of publication: New Haven
Publisher: Yale University Press

Advance to the next screen when you are done.

Books

2 of 5

Compare your note to the notes below. Which note follows Chicago style? Disregard the lack of italics in the examples below.

Great job! Advance to the next screen where we will address short note formatting.

Books

3 of 5Chicago style demands short notes for works which are referenced more than once. Only the first note includes the complete bibliographic information. Short notes for books consist of the author's last name, a shortened version of the title, and the page(s) referenced in your paper.

Let's assume that you cited page 34 through 36 of Fiorani's book later in your paper. How would you cite it? Write the short note and advance to the next screen.

Books

4 of 5Here is the short note according to Chicago style:

Short note for book

That wasn't too difficult. Now there is only one thing left: Formatting the Fiorani reference for your bibliography. Go back to your piece of paper and write the bibliographic entry following the Quick Guide template. Advance to the next screen when you are done.

Books

5 of 5

Which version matches your bibliographic entry?
Disregard the lack of italics in the examples below.

Now that we mastered all three variations of citing books, lets move on to the slightly more complicated book chapter.

Book Chapters

1 of 5Go back to the Quick Guide and scroll down to "Chapter or other part of a book," still under the Book section.

In the following exercise you will cite page 150 of Safier's essay about colonial cartography in Latin America. Take a piece of paper and write the note with the complete bibliographic information following the template on the Quick Guide.

Author: Neil Safier
Chapter title: The confines of the colony: boundaries, ethnographic landscapes, and imperial cartography in Iberoamerica.
Chapter pages: 133-184.
Book title: The imperial map: cartography and the mastery of empire.
Editor:  James R. Akerman.
Publication year: 2009
Place of publication: Chicago
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Advance to the next screen when you are done.

Book Chapters

2 of 5

Compare your note to the notes below. Which note follows Chicago style? Disregard the lack of italics.

Great job! Advance to the next screen where we will address short note formatting.

Book Chapters

3 of 5Follow the book pattern, but note that the author and title information are those of the chapter. Editor and book title are omitted in the short notes.

Let's assume that you cited page 180 of Safier's essay later in your paper. How would you cite it? Write the short note and advance to the next screen.

Book Chapters

4 of 5Here is the short note according to Chicago style:

short note chapter

That wasn't too difficult. Now there is only one thing left: Formatting the Safier essay for your bibliography. Go back to your piece of paper and write the bibliographic entry following the Quick Guide template. Advance to the next screen when you are done.

Book Chapters

5 of 5

Which version matches your bibliographic entry?
Disregard the lack of italics in the examples below.

Now that we mastered all three variations of citing a book chapter, lets move on to journal articles.

Journal Articles

1 of 5Go back to the Quick Guide and scroll down to "Article in an online journal" under the Journal article section.

In the following exercise you will cite page 5 of Sutton's article about Dutch colonial maps of Brazil. Take a piece of paper and write the note with the complete bibliographic information following the template on the Quick Guide.

Author: Elizabeth Sutton
Article title: Possessing Brazil in Print, 1630-54.
Article pages: 1-12.
Journal title: Journal of Historians of Netherlandish Art.
Volume: 5
Issue: 1
Publication year: 2013
doi: 10.5092/jhna.2013.5.1.3
URL: http://www.jhna.org/

Advance to the next screen when you are done.

Journal Articles

2 of 5

Compare your note to the notes below. Which note follows Chicago style? Disregard the lack of italics.

Great job! Advance to the next screen where we will address short note formatting for journal articles.

Journal Articles

3 of 5Follow the book pattern, but note that the title information should refer to the the journal article. Journal title, volume number and publication year are omitted in the short notes.

Let's assume that you cited page 1 of Sutton's article later in your paper. How would you cite it? Write the short note and advance to the next screen.

Journal Articles

4 of 5Here is the short note according to Chicago style:

short note article

That wasn't too difficult. Now there is only one thing left: Formatting the Sutton article for your bibliography. Go back to your piece of paper and write the bibliographic entry following the Quick Guide template. Advance to the next screen when you are done.

Journal Articles

5 of 5

Which version matches your bibliographic entry?
Disregard the lack of italics in the examples below.

Now that we mastered all three variations of citing a journal article, lets move on to websites.

Websites

1 of 5Go back to the Quick Guide and scroll down to the Website section.

In the following exercise you will cite the map collection of the Dutch National Archive. Take a piece of paper and write the note with the complete bibliographic information following the template on the Quick Guide.

Author: National Archive of the Netherlands
Title: Map Collection.
Last updated: [not available]
Access date: 9/28/2014
URL: http://www.gahetna.nl/en

Advance to the next screen when you are done.

Websites

2 of 5

Compare your note to the notes below. Which note follows Chicago style?


Great job! Advance to the next screen where we will review short note formatting for websites.

Websites

3 of 5Take a look at the pattern for short notes for websites on the Quick Guide. The short note is nothing more than the title of the website. Abbreviate long titles, but leave short titles as is.

How would you cite the map collection in subsequent notes? Write the short note and advance to the next screen.

Websites

4 of 5Here is the short note according to Chicago style:

website

Alternatively you can cite the map collection as "Map Collection of the National Archive of the Netherlands" if you refer to multiple map collections in your paper and need to disambiguate individual collections.

That wasn't too difficult. Now there is only one thing left: Formatting the citation for your bibliography. Go back to your piece of paper and write the bibliographic entry following the Quick Guide template. Advance to the next screen when you are done.

Websites

5 of 5

Which version matches your bibliographic entry?


Ready for a quick review? Take the short quiz on the following page.

And remember, the complete Chicago Manual of Style is available online.

 

 

 

Quiz

Can you find the style crimes in the footnotes, short notes and bibliographic entries on this page?

Give it a try and check the Quick Guide if you like.

Take a look at the three full footnotes in Chicago style. Can you spot the mistake in one of them?

Please disregard the lack of italics.

Hint: Pay attention to the capitalization of important words.

Take a look at the three short footnotes in Chicago style. Can you spot the mistake in one of them?

Please disregard the lack of italics.

Hint: Take a close look at the short titles.

Take a look at the three bibliographic entries in Chicago style. Can you spot the mistake in one of them?

Please disregard the lack of italics.

Hint: Make sure inclusive page numbers are given where they are required.


 

Please enter your name and email address to retrieve a copy of your completed quiz.

You can enter multiple email addresses separated by commas. If you are doing this for a class, you may need to enter your instructor's email address also.