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Early Civilizations

Finding & Focusing a Topic: Encyclopedias, Companions & General Histories

The Library has a large number of subject specific online encyclopedias with short, well-written overview essays. These essays can be helpful in defining and focusing a topic. They generally have bibliographies which include important authors who have published on the subject. To discover encyclopedias with essays on your topic, go to the catalog, select Articles & more, type keywords which describe your topic into the searchbox and select the format facet Reference on the results screen (see screenshot below) or ask your librarian for suggestions.




Keyword and subject searches in the Library's catalog are good starting points when first exploring a topic. Search results can be narrowed with facets such as topic, era, language or region. Facets are located on the right hand side of the results screen.

Examples of Library of Congress subjects:
Indus script
Indus civilization
Mathematics, Chinese
Mayas - Calendar
Agriculture - Origin

Examples of keyword searches:
architecture and Mesopotamia
Mayas and writing

WorldCat (OCLC)
A catalog of library holdings worldwide. WorldCat will indicate any local library holdings and also offers an inter-library loan request option.

E-ZBorrow and Interlibrary Loan
Interlibrary loans are only available for books and journals which are not owned by Falvey. The E-ZBorrow service can be used for books which the library owns, but which are currently checked out. E-ZBorrow books are provided by a local library network and tend to arrive faster than interlibrary loans.

Journal Articles

JSTOR is an archive of important core journals in the humanities. Current content is generally not available. JSTOR records indicate which years are covered.
The Advanced Search feature has journal limits by discipline such as Classical Studies and Archaeology. You can further limit to keywords in title, abstract, or author field. Item type, language and publication date range are other available search limits.

green_pin.gifTrying to decipher a journal abbreviation?
Check the journal abbreviations lists below for the full journal title:
Abbreviations for titles of Classical/Medieval Studies journals (Indiana University Libraries, based on L'Annee Philologique)
Bibliographical Abbreviations (compiled for the Egyptologists' Electronic Forum)

Library Catalog / Articles & more

Find scholarly journal articles by selecting Articles & more from the drop down menu of the Library's search box. Enter your keywords and limit search results to peer-reviewed journals and journal articles.



Citing Your Sources

Chicago Manual of Style Online
Available online. The print edition is also available at Falvey Memorial Library.

Chicago-style Citation Quick Guide
Available free online.

Web Tutorial: Chicago Manual of Style

Documenting Sources, Chicago Style
Research and Documentation Online.
Sample bibliography.


Make an appointment to meet with Jutta

I am happy to meet with you at any time, in person, by phone, or virtually via our chat service.

You can also email me directly.

 In my office in Falvey Library
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jseibert Jutta Seibert
Team Leader - Academic Integration
Falvey Library, Villanova University
800 Lancaster Avenue
Villanova , PA , 19085
Room 228

Jutta Seibert is the subject librarian for History and is available for research consultations, instruction, curricular support & purchase requests.


Last Modified: Thursday, August 28th, 2014