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The Ultimate Guide to APA Style

What is APA Style?

Established by the American Psychological Association (APA), APA style is a set of rules and conventions that are used when documenting resources in an academic work. This citation style is the preferred format of the social science disciplines and is outlined in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. If your paper addresses the technical details of human behavior, it’s very likely you’ll be using this style. The Psychology and Nursing Departments at Villanova University require students to use APA 6th ed. style for all course related assignments. This style is also used in the Business Department, however, the examples of how to cite sources in the APA Manual don't closely parallel common business sources.

Online Resources

The Basics of APA Style (Tutorial)

A quick tutorial designed by the APA for those who have no previous knowledge of APA style. It will show you how to structure and format your work, give tips to reduce bias, help you avoid plagiarism, and provide examples of in-text citations and references.

owlimages.jpgPurdue OWL (Online Writing Guide): APA Style

Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) APA

Gives examples of the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. Also includes a sample paper, a PowerPoint slide presentation, and tips for avoiding bias.

APA Style Guide

Official APA website. Search by keyword or explore their "Quick Answers" sections about references (in-text citations, websites, YouTube, Twitter, E-books, DOIs, and more) and formatting (title page, table of contents, running head, margins, tables, figures, and more).

APA Style Guide to Electronic References

Downloadable PDF that outlines key elements when citing electronic resources. Provides examples of citations for you to model everything from books, online journals articles, data sets and measurement instruments to videos, apps, websites, podcasts, blog posts, and social media.

Resources in Print @ Falvey

Check out the print copy of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., or use it in the library while you research.

Ask for the Concise Rules of APA Style at the front desk.

Make life easier with APA Style Simplified.

Look over the BF 76.7 section for other print resources on APA style.

Special Resources for Business Students

Citing Business Sources Using APA

A guide to in-text citations and references. Includes every source from Twitter, Facebook, websites and media to market research reports, company reports, data and statistics, informal surveys and interviews, books, articles, and tables and figures.

APA Citations for Business Research

A slideshow created by our Subject Librarian for Business, Linda Hauck, that shows you how to create a reference list. Includes links to other resources as well.

Citing Human Resource Development Sources Using APA

Using plenty of images, this guide shows you how to get citations from library databases. Also provides APA style examples for web page articles (not part of a journal or newspaper), digital newsletters, research reports, and data sets or statistics.

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.

The official guide to APA style. Ask at the Reference/Information Desk or find it in the library @ BF76.7 .P83 2010.

Special Resources for Nursing Students

Brief Hints on APA 6th Style

A downloadable PDF document. Includes examples of journal article, book, and web references. Links to other helpful resources.

Essentials of APA Style

A downloadable PowerPoint guide to APA style for nursing students. It includes help with journal article, book and web references, in-text citations, paraphrasing, and DOIs.

Sample APA References

A sample bibliography with an emphasis on nursing resources. Downloadable as a Word document.

"Do I need that DOI?"

A blog post by our Subject Librarian for Nursing, Barbara Quintiliano, who explains what a "DOI" is, how to get it, and how you place it in your reference list.

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.

The official guide to APA style. Ask at the Reference/Information Desk or find it in the library @ BF76.7 .P83 2010. Copies are also located in LRC and Health Promotion Library.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

 Click on the following question to find an answer from our librarians:

Never Write a Bibliography Again!

RefWorks is is a Web-based software package designed to help you easily gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as well as generate citations and bibliographies.

Professional librarians are available for assistance in person or by appointment and can teach you about how to use this valuable and time-saving tool.

Be on the lookout for training sessions, too. These will be announced throughout the semester on Falvey Memorial Library's Events page.

awilliams Alexander Williams
Research Support Librarian for the Social Sciences
Falvey Library, Villanova University
800 Lancaster Avenue
Villanova , PA , 19085
Room 227

More Questions?

Plase call us at (610) 519-4270 or email us directly with your question.

Also, please see our YouTube Channel for APA tutorials!


Last Modified: Thursday, May 28th, 2015