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Utility of wire cages, tree shelters, and repellants to minimize herbivory to oak by white-tailed deer

We evaluated the efficacy of exclusion cages and commercially available repellants in deterring white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) herbivory on northern red oak (Quercus rubra) and chestnut oak (Q. montana ) stump sprouts and planted red oak seedlings following a commercial clearcut harvest...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Kochenderfer, J. N.
Corporate Author: United States. Forest Service. Northern Research Station.
Other Authors: Ford, W. Mark.
Format: Government Document Online Book
Language:English
Published: Newtown Square, PA : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station, [2008]
Series:Research paper NRS ; 5
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Online Access:ONLINE VERSION
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