Utility of wire cages, tree shelters, and repellants to minimize herbivory to oak by white-tailed deer
We evaluated the efficacy of exclusion cages and commercially available repellants in deterring white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) herbivory on northern red oak (Quercus rubra) and chestnut oak (Q. montana ) stump sprouts and planted red oak seedlings following a commercial clearcut harvest...
|Format:||Government Document Online Book|
Newtown Square, PA :
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station,
|Series:||Research paper NRS ;
|Online Access:||ONLINE VERSION|
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