Guide to the U.S. Supreme Court

Covers the Court's entire history; its operations; its power in relation to other branches of government; major decisions affecting the other branches, the states, individual rights and liberties; and biographies of the justices.

Main Author: Savage, David G., 1950-
Corporate Author: Gale Virtual Reference Library.
Other Authors: Biskupic, Joan.
Format: Online Book
Language: English
Published: Washington, D.C. : CQ Press, c2004.
Edition: 4th ed.
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Online Access: Search online version
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Table of Contents:
  • v. 1. pt. I. Origins and development of the Court
  • 1. Origins of judicial power
  • The foundations
  • A slow start, 1790-1800
  • Establishment of power, 1801-1835
  • A remarkable term, 1819
  • States' rights, 1836-1860
  • War and recovery, 1861-1872
  • The balance of power,1873-1888
  • 2. From the Gilded Age to the Great Depression
  • Business at the court, 1889-1919
  • New times, old court, 1920-1937
  • 3. The New Deal, civil rights, and the conservative revival
  • The switch in time : the New Deal transition, 1937
  • The court, civil liberties, and civil rights, 1938-1968
  • The conservative revival, 1969-2003 and beyond
  • pt. II. The Court and the federal system
  • 4. The Court and the powers of Congress : Article I
  • Judicial review and legislative power
  • The commerce power
  • Fiscal and monetary powers
  • The power over foreign affairs
  • The power to admit states, govern territories, and grant citizenship
  • The power to amend the constitution
  • The power to investigate
  • The power over internal affairs
  • 5. The Court and the powers of the president : Article II
  • The Commander in Chief
  • The architect of foreign policy
  • The president as executive
  • The power to veto and to pardon
  • Privilege and immunity
  • The president versus the Court
  • 6. The Court and judicial power : Article III
  • Federal jurisdiction
  • Federal judicial power
  • Judicial restraint
  • 7. The Court and the states
  • Judicial review and the states
  • The states and the economy
  • The states and the individual
  • The state as sovereign
  • Interstate relations
  • pt. III. The Court and the individual
  • 8. The Court and the individual
  • A narrow base, 1789-1865
  • The Civil War Amendments
  • Freedom for ideas
  • Political rights
  • Equality before the law
  • Fundamental fairness
  • 9. Freedom for ideas : the First Amendment and the right to believe, to speak, to assemble, to petition, and to publish
  • Freedom of speech
  • Freedom of the press
  • Freedom of religion
  • 10. The rights of political participation
  • Fair elections and the right to vote
  • The right to an equal vote
  • Freedom of political association
  • 11. Crime and punishment
  • A fair trail
  • Search and seizure
  • Self-incrimination
  • The aid of legal counsel
  • Double jeopard
  • Cruel and unusual punishment
  • 12. Equal rights and personal liberties
  • Racial equality
  • Equal protection : the alien and the poor
  • Sex discrimination
  • Liberty and privacy
  • v. 2. pt. IV. Pressures on the Court
  • 13. Congressional pressure
  • Pressures on the justices
  • Pressures on the institution
  • Reversals of rulings
  • 14. Presidential pressure
  • Presidential reasoning
  • The "court-packers"
  • Routes to the Court
  • The "save-the seat" syndrome
  • The Court as a campaign issue
  • 15. The Court, the press, and the public
  • Early years, 1790-1850
  • Middle years, 1851-1900
  • Twentieth century, 1901-1950
  • The Modern Era, 1951-2004 and beyond
  • Covering the high court
  • pt. V. The Court at work
  • 16. Operations and traditions of the Court
  • The schedule of the term
  • Reviewing cases
  • Arguments
  • Conferences
  • Opinions
  • Traditions of the Court
  • 17. The people of the Court
  • The Chief Justice
  • The justices
  • Supporting personnel
  • Supreme Court lawyers
  • Supporting organizations
  • 18. Courtrooms and costs
  • Housing the Court
  • Cost of the Court
  • pt. VI. Members of the Court
  • 19. Members of the court
  • The president shall appoint ...
  • Justices' characteristics
  • Controversial justices
  • 20. Brief biographies
  • Reference materials
  • Appendix A. Chronological documents and texts
  • Declaration of Independence
  • Articles of Confederation
  • Constitution of the United States
  • Judiciary Act of 1789
  • Marbury v. Madison (1803)
  • McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
  • Circuit Court of Appeals Act of 1891
  • Judiciary Act of 1925
  • Roosevelt's 1937 Court Reform Plan
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)
  • Bush v. Gore (2000)
  • Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)
  • Lawrence v. Texas (2003)
  • Rules of the Supreme Court
  • Appendix B. Tables, lists, and graphical data
  • Natural courts
  • Supreme Court nominations, 1789-2003
  • Glossary of common legal terms
  • Acts of congress held unconstitutional
  • Chronology of major decisions of the Court, 1790-2003
  • Map of the federal court system.