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Gangsters without borders : an ethnography of a Salvadoran street gang /

"Based on author T.W. Ward's eight and a half years in Los Angeles conducting participant observation with MS-13, Gangsters Without Borders: An Ethnography of a Salvadoran Street Gang takes an inside look at gang life in the United States and in a global context. Taking us through their journey from...

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Main Author: Ward, Thomas W., 1957-
Format: Book
Language: English
Published: New York ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2013
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Table of Contents:
  • War Trauma and the Cycle of Violence. José Amaya Is Introduced His Background and Reasons for Joining MS ; Stereotypes of Street Gangs ; Street Gangs as Surrogate Families ; My Background and How the Research Got Started ; Methodology ; Research Objectives ; Further Methodological Issues ; Confidentiality ; Composite Characters ; 'Hard-core Gangsters' ; Themes of Subsequent Chapters.
  • The Beauty and the Horror-Memories of El Salvador. José Becomes Trouble ; Trouble's Fond Homeland Memories ; Cuscatlán, Land of Riches ; Revolution in El Salvador ; Terror in the Streets and at Home ; Family Ruptures ; Crossing Borders.
  • Hard Times-Welcome to America. Family Reunion-Mending the Bonds of Trust ; Tongue Tied and Bullied ; Gang Initiation-Welcome to the Barrio ; The Anatomy of a Decision ; Escape from Misery ; Jales, Jainas y Ranflas.
  • From Prey to Predators: The Origins and Transformation of MS. Origin Myths of Mara Salvatrucha ; A Devil's Pact: The Mara Salvatrucha Stoners ; The Structure and Leadership of Street Gangs ; Who Calls the Shots? ; Democratic Anarchy: Collective Leadership within MS ; Gang Taboos Boredom in Street Gang Life ; Banging and Slanging.
  • 'Girls' in Gangs
  • On the Margins of Masculinity. The Death of Lonely ; Angel's Decision to Join MS ; Rebels and Runaways ; Sexing In-'The Easy Way' ; 'Trust No Bitch'-Spies, Snitches, Traitors, and Rats ; The Sexual Double Standard ; Dating the Enemy ; The 'Catch 22' of Respect ; Pregnancy and Motherhood ; 'Mothers of Us All' ; Angel's Descent.
  • Live Fast, Die Young. Street Gangs as Warrior Societies ; Who's the Enemy? ; Gang Warfare ; The Enemy Within ; Suicide-Grief and Loss ; 'The World's Most Dangerous Gang'.
  • Becoming Calmado. Exiting the Gang ; De Corazón-The Heart Connection ; More Die of Heartbreak-The Process of Disillusionment ; 'The Devil We Know' ; Afterlives.
  • Epilogue. Possible Interventions for Gang Members.