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Fiscal Consolidation Across Government Levels - Part 3. Intergovernmental Grants, Pro- or Counter-cyclical?

This paper provides empirical analysis that measures the cyclical properties of intergovernmental transfers (or grants). Modelling a fiscal policy reaction function this paper tests whether the transfers systems in OECD countries are pro- or counter-cyclical, i.e. whether they offset cyclical fluctu...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Blöchliger, Hansjörg.
Corporate Author: OECD iLibrary.
Other Authors: Égert, Balázs.
Format: Online
Language:English
Published: Paris : OECD Publishing, 2013.
Series:OECD working papers. Economic Department working papers ; no. 1072.
Online Access:Online version
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Description
Summary:This paper provides empirical analysis that measures the cyclical properties of intergovernmental transfers (or grants). Modelling a fiscal policy reaction function this paper tests whether the transfers systems in OECD countries are pro- or counter-cyclical, i.e. whether they offset cyclical fluctuations of sub-central economies or, on the contrary, exacerbate them. Regression results suggest that transfer systems tend to be pro-cyclical in general and in more than half of OECD countries they tend to destabilise sub-central budgets. Transfer pro-cyclicality may be the result of several factors: Transfer spending is often determined as a share of central government tax revenue, which itself tends to fluctuate with the cycle. Moreover, many grants are matching sub-central spending and hence tend to exacerbate fluctuations of that sub-central spending. Pro-cyclical grants could partly explain the often observed pro-cyclicality of subcentral government fiscal policy.
Physical Description:16 p. ; 21 x 29.7 cm.
ISSN:1815-1973 ;
Access:Electronic access restricted to Villanova University patrons.