The United States in the First World War : an encyclopedia /

Other Authors: Venzon, Anne Cipriano, 1951-
Format: Book
Language: English
Published: New York : Garland Pub., 1995.
Series: Garland reference library of the humanities ; vol. 1205.
Garland reference library of the humanities. Military history of the United States ; v. 3.
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Review by Choice Review

Venzon intends this book to provide quick reference and bibliographic information concerning the political, economic, social, military, and diplomatic aspects of US involvement in WW I. Venzon is an independent scholar with strong bibliographic expertise on American diplomatic and military history, 1900-20. Her book covers the entire 1914-18 period including American neutrality and belligerency. The entries treat organizations, events, and persons and are arranged alphabetically. Each is signed by the contributor and appends a list of relevant monographs and printed document sources, making this source very helpful for undergraduates and beginning graduate students. The length varies from a half page to 13 pages (for the Paris Peace Conference) depending on the significance of the topic. There is a name-subject index and ample see also references. This source is particularly strong for military aspects of American belligerency in the 1917-18 period. Each of the most active American combat divisions has its own entry (under "United States Army"). There are no statistical tables. A good addition to a growing list of reference sources on WW I, recommended for all academic libraries, especially those supporting military studies. W. F. Bell; University of North Texas

Copyright American Library Association, used with permission.
Review by Library Journal Review

The entry of the United States into World War I in 1917 was the deciding factor in the Allies' victory of the following year. Venzon (editor of General Smedly Darlington Butler, Greenwood, 1992) and a panel of some 200 contributors, mostly American academics, have collaborated on this third volume of Garland's "Military History of the United States" series. Their work chronicles the military and civil involvement of the United States in this "war to end all wars." Biography, economics, civil rights, women's issues, foreign relations, battles, armaments, and conferences are among the topics included. Arrangement is alphabetical, and most articles are brief‘between one column and a page. One exception is the very long corporate entry for the U.S. Army, followed by major subcategories, e.g., division. Most articles include brief bibliographies. There are six maps, but no other illustrations. The enormous contribution made by volunteer organizations is well covered in articles on the American National Red Cross, YM/YWCA, Salvation Army, American Library Association, and others. Separate articles on women in the American Expeditionary Force, U.S. Army Nurse Corps, and other subjects remind us of the role played by American women both at the front and at home. The difficulties and accomplishments of black Americans during that racist era are also well documented. Peace and antiwar sentiment is reflected in articles on individuals and organizations, e.g., conscientious objectors, Woman's Peace Party, Scott Nearing, etc. More cross-references and see references would be useful in retrieving some interesting material embedded in longer articles. No literary authors are included, although a number of them‘Ernest Hemingway, John Dos Passos, and Charles Nordhoff‘served as ambulance drivers or medics, and their experiences are prime examples of the role played by volunteer noncombatants. For illustrations and additional maps, libraries should see Bruce Anthony's An Illustrated Companion to the First World War (Viking, 1990) and Oxford's Atlas of World War I (Oxford Univ. Pr., 1991). In summary, this reference is a solidly researched work, recommended for public and academic libraries.‘Harry E. Whitmore, formerly with Univ. of Maine at Augusta (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

(c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.