Encyclopedia of North American Indians /

Corporate Author: EBSCOhost books.
Other Authors: Hoxie, Frederick E., 1947-
Format: Online Book
Language: English
Published: Boston : Houghton Mifflin Company, c1996.
Online Access: Online version
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Review by Choice Review

In an excellent and inexpensive addition to the burgeoning reference literature on native North America, Hoxie (A Final Promise: The Campaign to Assimilate the Indians, 1880-1920, CH, Sep'84) has assembled nearly 450 articles to provide a representative, if not comprehensive, coverage of people, tribes, and topics. Most entries have been written and are signed by prominent scholars in history, anthropology, Native American studies, or other fields, the remainder by graduate students. Most are well written and concise, ranging in length from two paragraphs ("cradleboards") to six pages ("contemporary arts"). Hoxie made a deliberate attempt to include many Native American authors; many entries on particular tribes, for example, were written by tribal members. Coverage is balanced from a variety of perspectives. A hundred entries each treat tribes or regions, prominent people, and broad topics; the remaining articles concern terms or events. Both events and the bibliographies that conclude articles are up-to-date. Topics include a mix of archaeological, historical, and contemporary issues; Canada is well represented. Separate entries concerning origins from Native American and anthropological perspectives are included. Interspersed through the text are well-produced black-and-white photos and maps, and a decent index ties the volume together. The only minor distraction is the placement of page numbers near the gutter. A bargain, highly recommended for all libraries. J. C. Wanser Hiram College

Copyright American Library Association, used with permission.
Review by Booklist Review

This ambitious undertaking is edited by Frederick Hoxie, the vice-president of education and research at the Newberry Library in Chicago and the former director of the D'Arcy McNickle Center for the History of the American Indian. His advisory board included such luminary scholars and authors as Peter Nabokov, Joy Harjo, Vine Deloria Jr., Nancy Lurie, Alvin Josephy, and JoAllyn Archambault. Hoxie says that the volume "strives to introduce, to teach, and to invite further inquiry." The encyclopedia contains signed entries by 260 authors and numerous unsigned entries by about two dozen other authors. There are four types of entries. First, there are descriptions of 100 tribes--the editor tried to provide coverage of all major contemporary groups. These entries are supplemented with "regional entries" that discuss smaller native communities. There are five entries on the major languages (Lakota, Navajo, Cherokee, Cree, Ojibwa) and four on the major language groups (Algonquian, Iroquoian, Pueblo, and Salishan). Secondly, there are biographies of 100 prominent deceased Native Americans. The biographees are political figures, athletes, artists, and scholars. Next, there are 100 interpretive articles on topics such as beadwork, dreams, and treaties. Finally, brief entries provide definitions of topics such as peyote, cradle boards, or the Battle of Little Big Horn. Many of the longer entries include a two-to three-item bibliography. The entry Bibliographies by Velma Salabiye (Navajo) gives a broad overview of scholarship in the field. Black-and-white maps and photographs (most of them historical) add interest to the text. A detailed index aids access. The articles are well written and easy to read. There is no entry on the Lewis and Clark expedition, but the one on Sacagawea discusses it. The entry on the Blackfoot does not note that the only Indian killed during the Lewis and Clark expedition was a Blackfoot. There is no entry for trickster or New Age. This book is similar to The Native North American Almanac [RBB My 1 94] in its popular approach, though its contributors are scholars. It is appropriate for the high-school or public library where the user needs a definition or overview. A better work on contemporary Native Americans is Davis' Native America in the Twentieth Century: An Encyclopedia [RBB D 1 94].

From Booklist, Copyright (c) American Library Association. Used with permission.
Review by Library Journal Review

Immensely readable and informative, this important resource was edited by prominent North American Indian scholar Hoxie (Parading Through History: The Making of the Crow Nation, Cambridge Univ., 1995), as well as vice-president for research and education at the Newberry Library in Chicago. A "who's who" of scholars in the field have compressed traditional and new research into 400 authoritative articles accessible to lay readers. Several good one-volume encyclopedias on American Indians have appeared recently. Native North American Almanac (Gale, 1994) presents history (ancient and modern), statistics, essays, directory information, and contemporary biographies; Native America in the Twentieth Century (Garland, 1994) treats art, policy, law, religion, and tribes. With 100 historical biographies, 100 tribes, cultural overviews, and teminology, the Encyclopedia of North American Indians occupies a special niche within this group. It is distinctive for the interpretative quality of its diverse subject coverage and for its fulfillment of the editor's aim to "introduce, teach and invite further inquiry." Highly recommended for all public and academic libraries.‘Margaret W. Norton, Morton West H.S., Berwyn Ill. (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

(c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.