Review by Choice Review
With more than 500 entries, this subject encyclopedia is notable for its ability to translate difficult philosophical ideas (e.g., fallacy) into language that lower-division undergraduates can grasp without compromising the complexity of the topic. Terkel and Duval, both practicing ethicists, have created a tool useful for undergraduate collections that complements more advanced encyclopedias like The Encyclopedia of Ethics, ed. by Lawrence and Charlotte Becker (CH, Nov'92). Terkel and Duval provide concise summaries of various schools of ethical thought and of philosophical concepts that are critical for ethical analysis. It introduces important philosophers, religious thinkers, and doctrines and discusses their contributions to ethics. Other entries summarize legal concepts, discussions of rights, ethical standards, and ethical controversies. The book is international in scope, covering, e.g., Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Confucianism. It is arranged alphabetically by topic and includes see references. The book ends with a selected general bibliography, but it lacks bibliographies linked to the topics addressed, which compromises its usefulness. The index is clear and complete. The introduction is useful for beginning students, but not for advanced students or researchers. G. J. Reece; American University
Copyright American Library Association, used with permission.
Review by Booklist Review
The public dialogue about ethics continues unabated, as does our fascination with moral dilemmas, as evidenced by the recent resurgence of interest in bioethics, feminist ethics, medical ethics, sexual ethics, and Western and Eastern ethics. It comes as no surprise that Facts On File has seen fit to commit to a one-volume encyclopedia on this complex subject. Promising to provide a basic introduction, this book is targeted at high-school and undergraduate students. The focus is on contemporary issues, terms, and movements. Entries on animal rights, computer ethics, euthanasia, family values, hate crimes, lifestyles, the moral majority, organ transplants, surrogate motherhood, and whistle-blowing demonstrate this focus. Included also are entries on certain works, people, and events essential to understanding other works or to doing research. A minimum of cross-references guide the reader to further explore the issues, and a selected bibliography provides springboards for further study. Despite its promise and promising focus, the Board fears this volume will fail to serve its users adequately. Brief entries dominate the work and will undoubtedly frustrate those who seek to place issues, terms, and movements in broader historical or contemporary context. The lack of bibliographies following each entry will also frustrate readers who seek to further explore the issues. Additional cross-references within articles, after each article, and within the alphabetical arrangement are needed. Libraries are better served by the three-volume Ethics [RBB S 1 94], which consists of 819 alphabetically arranged articles that combine the features of a dictionary and an encyclopedia. The scope of this set is broader than the title being reviewed, and its numerous special features make it far more accessible. Libraries that already own earlier general works, such as The Encyclopedia of Ethics (Garland, 1992) or A Companion to Ethics (Blackwell, 1991), will probably want to think twice before purchase. Clearly, the need still exists for a more in-depth encyclopedia addressed to students and accessible to the general reader on ethical issues of current interest.
From Booklist, Copyright (c) American Library Association. Used with permission.
Review by Library Journal Review
Terkel (director, Inst. for Ethics in Education) and Duval (philosophy, Mt. Mary Coll.) have collaborated to produce this authoritative yet accessible encyclopedia of ethics for general readers. First, complicated and abstract ethical theories are explained concisely, with clear, one-sentence definitions. Then these definitions are expanded upon and illuminated with well-chosen contemporary examples. Multiple and diverse viewpoints on ethical controversies are presented to aid in critical thinking. Entries from applied ethics (abortion, organ transplants, sexual harassment), world cultures, and world religious traditions (Halakah, Five Pillars) are included in addition to traditional Western philosophical theory. Entries are unsigned. While academic libraries are well served by the more scholarly two-volume Encyclopedia of Ethics (LJ 6/15/92), this is highly recommended for all high school and public libraries; earlier encyclopedias of this type should be weeded.ÄMarc Meola, Temple Univ. Lib., Philadelphia (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
(c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Review by Kirkus Book Review
Created to give students ``a working vocabulary for the study of ethics,'' this vade mecum combines in a single alphabet a limited number of biographical entries with meaty, thoroughly cross-referenced discussions of traditional notions, such as ``Good,'' ``Love,'' and ``Existentialism,'' and current hot topics, such as ``Genetic Engineering,'' ``Business Ethics,'' and ``Right To Die.'' Each article begins with a succinct definition or summary, then goes on to evenhandedly examine conflicting positions from several angles. Non-European philosophies and perspectives are acknowledged, although not in great detail. Readers in search of specific cases to go with these broadly stated ideas will find the oblique bibliography a stumbling block, but this could serve as a compact alternative or companion to heftier tomes, such as John K. Roth's three-volume Ethics (1994). (index, not seen) (Reference. 12+)
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