Encyclopedia of the American Civil War : a political, social, and military history /

Other Authors: Heidler, David Stephen, 1955-, Heidler, Jeanne T., Coles, David J.
Format: Book
Language: English
Published: Santa Barbara, Calif. : ABC-CLIO, c2000.
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Review by Choice Review

ABC-CLIO's well-designed site provides access to and flexible searching of the e-book versions of 35 ABC-CLIO reference titles. Access is controlled through passwords or IP recognition. The texts are arranged in ten broad subject categories; users access individual titles by clicking on a category, then an individual title. The versatile search software (Versware) provides simple skimming of the text or accesses specific sections through tables of contents. All texts contain numerous cross-reference links for simple movement through related materials. Besides browsing, Versware provides both simple and advanced searching of individual texts, texts within subject categories, or the full library. The simple search mode defaults to Boolean "AND" for keyword searching. The advanced mode allows case-sensitive searching, matches terms in a thesaurus, enables searching of phrases, and permits specification of word order or maximum number of hits. Searching by word order is the same as Boolean "OR." Search results first appear in brief entries that consist of entry titles plus e-book titles. Text is displayed by clicking on the entry heading. Search terms are highlighted in the text. Results may be displayed by relevance ranking or in alphabetical order. The site provides well-written help and FAQ screens as well as suggested bibliographic citations. For ease of usage, Versware compares favorably with netLibrary's search and browse software, and the ABC-CLIO site's use of Java programming does not require downloading and installation of separate reader software.Four e-books were examined in writing this review: African American Writers: A Dictionary, ed, by Shari Dorantes Hatch and Michael R. Strickland (CH, Dec'00), Mark Grossman's Encyclopedia of the Persian Gulf War (CH, May'96), Encyclopedia of the American Civil War, ed. by David S. Heidler and Jeanne T. Heidler (CH, Jun'01), and June Hannam et al.'s International Encyclopedia of Women's Suffrage, (CH, May'01). Little difficulty was encountered in navigating the site, using the search engines, or reading text. The publisher will need to fix several small problems encountered in May 2001: the site had problems displaying images; the area where the table of contents displays is very small, making its use difficult; both the tables of contents and entries in the e-book versions are arranged alphabetically rather than keeping the page order of the printed edition. These small problems aside, the site provides simple access to a range of high-quality e-books. Recommended for all libraries. S. L. Hupp Urbana University

Copyright American Library Association, used with permission.
Review by Booklist Review

After more than 100 years, the Civil War still attracts more public interest than any other event in U.S. history. This fact is reflected in the inordinate number of books, well over 50,000, written about the conflict. ABCCLIO has published the most comprehensive reference work, offering more than 1,600 signed entries, over 300 contributors, more than 500 illustrations and 75 maps, and over 250 primary source documents. The encyclopedia provides in A^-Z format information on the war's strategic aims, diplomatic and political maneuvering, key military actions (with descriptions of more than 60 engagements), key participants (civilian and military), and impact on American society and history. Mary Ann Ball Bickerdyke, a Union Army nurse; Matthew Brady, a photographer who accompanied the Union Army in the first main battle; and military leaders such as Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, and James Longstreet are just a few of the individuals covered. The encyclopedia not only treats the military aspects of the war but presents full coverage of the politics, literature, art, music, and homefront events. Every conceivable subject--from Chickamauga, Battle of to Harper's Weekly to Gatling gun to Jews--receives consideration. Entries range from less than one-half page to more than eighteen pages for Atlanta campaign. Each essay is followed by see also references to related entries elsewhere in the set, as well as extensive suggested readings for deeper research on that particular subject. The final volume compiles more than 250 topically arranged documents, including Abraham Lincoln's famous "A house divided against itself cannot stand" speech, excerpts from Frederick Douglass' "My Escape from Slavery" speech, Jefferson Davis' "Proclamation of 1861," the Battle Hymn of the Republic, and more. These primary source materials are an invaluable enhancement to the set. Following the documents, one finds five appendixes. Appendix I lists the Confederate States of America's general officers, followed by its government in appendix II. Appendix III lists the officers of the United States of America, followed by its government in appendix IV. Appendix V is a directory of Civil War battlefield sites with addresses, phone numbers, and maps. Following the appendixes is a "Civil War Chronology" showing relationships between military actions and political, diplomatic, and social developments. A brief glossary provides definitions for the researcher unfamiliar with such terms as cashier ("dishonorably discharge an office") and retrograde ("an orderly retreat usually designed to move away from an enemy" ). An extensive bibliography lists all the resources referenced throughout the volumes. The index indicates main entries in bold print, while illustrations are identified with italics. The index is detailed and comprehensive. For example, under AfricanAmerican sailors, there are references to individuals who relate to this category, such as Gideon Welles and Francis Shoup. Under Gettysburg, battle of one finds page references not only to information about the battle but also to related people, places, and events. The set is handsomely designed, with numerous period photographs complementing the text. There are some minor criticisms regarding layout, which makes maneuvering the set a bit cumbersome. The index to all volumes can only be found in volume five, which means the researcher has to use two volumes most of the time; a cumulative index in each volume would have made access easier. The index cites only page numbers, leaving the user to guess which volume a page might be in. Neither the bibliographies nor the directory to battle sites makes reference to the copious information that is available through the World Wide Web. However, these are small shortcomings. Encyclopedia of the American Civil War is the most comprehensive reference work written about its topic, providing both the novice and the expert an opportunity to expand their knowledge of this vital aspect of U.S. history. Recommended for high-school, public, and academic libraries.

From Booklist, Copyright (c) American Library Association. Used with permission.
Review by Library Journal Review

As the interest in and literature on the American Civil War grows in size and complexity each year, getting a firm hold of the subject has become almost impossible. This encyclopedia provides an essential service in combining an excellent array of battle maps and famous photographs with over 1600 concise (though sometimes too concise) entries on subjects that range from armories to nursing to Zouaves. Together, the text and images effectively capture the character and conduct of war and society. Although military subjects and biographies predominate, the encyclopedia includes numerous entries on politics, homefront mobilization, blacks and women in the war, the press, government programs in the North and South, technology, and soldiers' and relief organizations. These entries collectively show how the war touched virtually every aspect of American life. A volume of key documents of the era brings the war home with letters from officers describing battles, secession ordinances, critical speeches, and other primary sources. Appendixes listing executive officers and military leaders and a glossary of military terms add to the encyclopedia's usefulness. Although some bibliographies of individual entries are dated, the general bibliography compensates, and, more importantly, the entries are uniformly informed and clearly written. No other reference work compares with the range of this enterprise in canvassing the war. Every academic and major public library will need these volumes, edited by an independent scholar and the director of American history at the U.S. Air Force Base, respectively, as one of the quickest and surest routes into what historian James McPherson rightly identifies as "the most written-about subject in American history."DRandall M. Miller, Saint Joseph's Univ., Philadelphia (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

(c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
Review by School Library Journal Review

Gr 9 Up-In his foreword to this set, noted historian James M. McPherson characterizes this well-written encyclopedia as "the best" work of reference currently available on the Civil War. Many readers will concur. The editors and more than 250 distinguished contributors present some 1600 alphabetically arranged, concise articles on every aspect of the period, supplemented by informative battle maps and many of the most famous period black-and-white photographs in crisp, clear reproductions. Ranging from a few paragraphs to several pages, the entries create a comprehensive and compelling picture of the war. They include not only detailed discussions of the major and minor battles and military life in general, but also the war's effects on society, from government, politics, and technology to journalism, commerce, and home life. The first four volumes contain a wealth of cross-references, easing the way for research. The final volume offers a useful selection of critical primary- source documents, a chronology of the war, an extensive bibliography, and an index to all volumes. An all-together excellent resource for research or general browsing interest.-Starr E. Smith, Fairfax County Public Library, VA (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.

(c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.