Review by Choice Review
This subset of Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics, (4v., CH, May'98) focuses on biomedical research and biotechnology. Generally, entries in this specialized work are pulled complete from the larger encyclopedia. Chadwick carefully places technological advances within both the ethical frameworks they generate and the public policy issues necessary for implementation. Coverage is selective: topics with a long history (reproductive technologies, hazardous substances, human research subjects) and more recent advances generating ethical debate (genome analysis, "novel foods," genetic testing). Chadwick includes entries on ethical frameworks for assessment and how they evolve (concepts of intrinsic and instrumental value, precautionary principle, slippery slope arguments, feminist ethics, environmental impact assessment). The 37 entries, prepared by experts who represent remarkably international viewpoints and issues, are lengthy and organized (like the multivolume version) to outline the topical content. They also include a glossary of terms, a "defining statement" that articulates and summarizes the topic, the text of the article, and a selective bibliography. The text includes political, ethical, and legal disputes, ethical frameworks used in public and scholarly discussions, and case studies. Despite the encompassing New Technologies title, all articles relate to biotechnology , from brain death, fetal research, and "medical futility," to nine articles related to genetic technologies. The articles are excellent, scholarly, and valuable to a wide range of readers, advanced undergraduates to professionals. Libraries that own the multivolume parent will not need this subset. Topics duplicate almost exactly the wider scope of Encyclopedia of Bioethics (5v., CH, Oct'95) yet offer more explicit integration of shifting, expanding, and changing ethical frameworks. Upper-division undergraduates and higher. J. A. Adams-Volpe SUNY at Buffalo
Copyright American Library Association, used with permission.
Review by Library Journal Review
During the last ten years, we have seen a proliferation of encyclopedias devoted to ethics and applied ethics. What makes this volume stand out is its relatively reasonable price. Particularly strong in its coverage of genetics, it also gives attention to some environmental, medical, and nuclear issues. In addition, a number of the articles are devoted to basic ethical principles such as intrinsic and instrumental values, human nature, the concept of life, and slippery slope arguments. Contributed by a variety of international scholars and averaging ten pages in length, the 37 signed articles are nicely organized; each begins with an outline and a glossary and ends with a brief bibliography. More than half of the 37 articles appear to be reprints or updates of articles that were originally published in the Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics (LJ 1/98). That set, and the Encyclopedia of Ethical, Legal and Policy Issues in Biotechnology (Wiley, 2000), are still reasonably current and cover many of these topics in much greater depth. Libraries that cannot afford the more expensive reference sources will find this overview to be well worth the price. Tina Neville, Univ. of South Florida Lib., St. Petersburg (c) Copyright 2010. Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.
(c) Copyright Library Journals LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Media Source, Inc. No redistribution permitted.