Innovations in computer science and technology are proceeding at a breakneck pace in areas from Internet commerce to handheld computer devices to robotics. There is a lack, though, of accurate and comprehensive information available about this vital area that is accessible both to the professional and layperson. Completely updated to reflect recent data, Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology fills that need. Covering much more than basic computer commands and procedures, Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology summarizes how technology has developed, the future of computer programs and applications, and the significance of computer components. Following an introduction and overview that highlight developments in certain areas are approximately 400 entries that detail distinct contributions in computer development, hardware, operating systems, and networking. Appendixes, including bibliographies and web resources; a chronology of computing; a selection of significant awards; and a listing of computer-related organizations, round out this comprehensive volume. Entries include artificial intelligence, Basic, Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI), data mining, email, fuzzy logic, William (Bill) Gates III, HTML, information superhighway, Java (language), law enforcement and computers, memory management, network, online services, Pascal, privacy in the digital age, ROM (read-only memory), Alan M. Turing, user groups, virtual reality, Steven Wozniac, and the Y2K problem. Excerpted from Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology by Harry Henderson All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.