Review by Choice Review
Newton, editor and author of books about crime and criminal justice (The Encyclopedia of Serial Killers, CH, Sep'00; The Encyclopedia of Kidnappings, 2002; Armed and Dangerous: A Writer's Guide to Weapons, 1990), offers an interesting, informative book that shows how criminal justice has changed to adapt to new and challenging circumstances. The introduction notes that the most notorious criminals are innovators and that law enforcement is always struggling to catch up. Newton arranges entries alphabetically, covering such topics as computer viruses (Alicia, boom, fuxx), Internet fraud schemes ("make money fast"), computer hackers, and online pornographers. Besides his interest in computer-based issues, Newton covers advances in DNA, personal protection, and fingerprint recovery and supplies sections on hardware (e.g., surveillance cameras, "smart" guns, radar/lidar). Brief biographies appear on such people as Jillann Reeves (accused software pirate) and Kerry Kotler (exonerated and convicted by DNA evidence). Although the book is called an encyclopedia, it is better categorized as a book of essays devoted to topics the author has chosen from personal interest. ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Collections in law enforcement and criminal justice. E. B. Ryner FBI Library
Copyright American Library Association, used with permission.
Review by Booklist Review
Here are two reference volumes that tackle topics related to crime. In The Dictionary of Crime Terms, Sifakis, who also wrote The Mafia Encyclopedia (Facts On File, 2d ed., 1999), has brought together the language of Mobspeak--what wise guys and other American criminals say among themselves, not what is fabricated by writers or the media. The focus is mainly on Mafia-related terms, such as ace of spades (the widow of a departed criminal big shot), buckwheats (vicious spite killings), midnight flips (the law enforcement tactic of arresting mobsters between two and four o'clock in the morning), and sparkplugs (the most feared Mob killers), rather than street crime. Arrangement of the 900 clearly written entries is alphabetical, and there are some cross-references. The bibliography is current and comprehensive. The index is accurate and very helpful. In addition to book sources, the author has drawn on newspaper files and two attorneys with "special knowledge." In 420 entries, the alphabetically arranged Encyclopedia of High-Tech Crime and Crime-Fighting, by prolific crime writer Newton, examines how technology combats crime and also makes crime possible, such as through the many Internet hoaxes (the Miller Beer giveaway, the Tweety Bird chain letter) and viruses (Rainsong, Rhapsody, Xalnaga, Xanax). There are entries for individuals who have been convicted based on DNA evidence as well as for hackers, computer saboteurs, and software and satellite TV pirates. The book also describes how technology is being used to free the innocent, particularly the huge number of persons who have been exonerated by DNA test results. Scope is international. Following the entries are a glossary, a bibliography, and an index. Both The Dictionary of Crime Terms and The Encyclopedia of High-Tech Crime and Crime-Fighting are recommended for criminal justice collections in academic and public libraries. -- RBB Copyright 2004 Booklist
From Booklist, Copyright (c) American Library Association. Used with permission.