The significant role that the computer plays in the business world, schools, and homes signifies the impact it has on our daily lives. While many people are familiar with the Internet, e-commerce, the use of computers in science and industry, and basic computer technology, the pioneering scientists who started this brave new world are generally less well known. By describing the lives, work, and enduring influence of more than 150 computer pioneers, this new volume in the Notable Scientists series shows the human face of the technical world and also investigates the way individuals developed their ideas, overcame technical and institutional challenges, collaborated with colleagues, and created products or institutions of lasting importance. The cutting-edge, contemporary entries explore a diverse group of inventors, scientists, entrepreneurs, and visionaries in the computer science field. Entries include: J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, creators of UNIVAC, the first commercially viable computer Jerry Yang and David Filo, founders of the Yahoo! information portal Grace Hopper, inventor of Cobol and the first woman to become a Navy admiral Dennis Ritchie and Brian Kernighan, developers of the powerful and versatile Unix operating system Hubert Dreyfus, artificial intelligence critic Bjarne Stroustrup, developer of C++, the workhorse language of modern applications programming Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon.com Pierre Omidyar and Jeff Skoll, founders of the online auction site Howard Rheingold, virtual community pioneer Esther Dyson, futurist and chairman of EDventure Holdings. Excerpted from A to Z of Computer Scientists by Harry Henderson All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.