Review by Choice Review
This qualitative analysis of discourse regarding women's rights in Chile under neoliberalism emphasizes individual responsibilities and de-emphasizes state provision of resources. Women and the indigenous played important roles in Chile's return to democracy, and some of the women's demands have led to policies, legislation, and greater access to the state, but they have also stimulated opposition by the religious and rightists. Class and cultural differences have surfaced. Richards (sociology and women's studies, Univ. of Georgia) alleges that the state, especially Chile's Servicio National de la Mujer (SUNAM), led by "femocrats," has not addressed the needs and demands of poor and working-class urban women, called pobladoras. Mapuche indigenous women's claims focus on cultural differences and demands for autonomy from the state. After lengthy analysis, Richards concludes that in their discourse, Mapuche and pobladora women are demanding expansion of their citizenship but lack access to state power. It is middle-class, non-indigenous, formally educated women who define women's issues. "Chile's gendered citizenship is experienced differently by women on the basis of class and indigenous status." ^BSumming Up: Recommended. Upper-level undergraduates and higher levels, especially Latin American and women's studies. J. A. Fiola Minnesota State University Moorhead
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