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Progress in implementing and testing state-space controls for the controls advanced research turbine preprint /

Designing wind turbines with maximum energy production and longevity for minimal cost is a major goal of the federal wind program and the wind industry. Control can improve the performance of wind turbines by enhancing energy capture and reducing dynamic loads. At the National Renewable Energy Labor...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Wright, A. D. 1954-
Corporate Author: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)
Other Authors: Stol, Karl A., Fingersh, Lee Jay.
Format: Government Document Online Book
Language:English
Published: Golden, Colo. : National Renewable Energy Laboratory, [2004]
Series:Conference paper ; NREL/CP-500-36818
Subjects:
Access:ONLINE VERSION
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100 1 |a Wright, A. D.  |q (Alan Duane),  |d 1954- 
245 1 0 |a Progress in implementing and testing state-space controls for the controls advanced research turbine  |h [electronic resource] :  |b preprint /  |c A.D. Wright and L.J. Fingersh, K.A. Stol. 
260 |a Golden, Colo. :  |b National Renewable Energy Laboratory,  |c [2004] 
300 |a 13 p. :  |b digital, PDF file. 
490 0 |a Conference paper ;  |v NREL/CP-500-36818 
538 |a Mode of access: Internet from the NREL web site. Address as of 6/8/06: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy05osti/36818.pdf; current access available via PURL. 
500 |a Title from title screen (viewed on June 8, 2006). 
500 |a "December 2004." 
520 |a Designing wind turbines with maximum energy production and longevity for minimal cost is a major goal of the federal wind program and the wind industry. Control can improve the performance of wind turbines by enhancing energy capture and reducing dynamic loads. At the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) we are designing state-space control algorithms for turbine speed regulation and load reduction and testing them on the Controls Advanced Research Turbine (CART). The CART is a test-bed especially designed to test advanced control algorithms on a two-bladed teetering hub upwind turbine. In this paper we briefly describe the design of control systems to regulate turbine speed in region 3 for the CART. These controls use rotor collective pitch to regulate speed and also enhance damping in the 1st drive-train torsion, 1st rotor symmetric flap mode, and the 1st tower fore-aft mode. We designed these controls using linear optimal control techniques using state estimation based on limited turbine measurements such as generator speed and tower fore-aft bending moment. In this paper, we describe the issues and steps involved with implementing and testing these controls on the CART, and we show simulated tests to quantify controller performance. We then present preliminary results after implementing and testing these controls on the CART. We compare results from these controls to field test results from a baseline Proportional Integral control system. Finally we report conclusions to this work and outline future studies. 
650 0 |a Wind turbines  |x Testing. 
650 0 |a State-space methods. 
653 |a 17 WIND ENERGY 
653 |a ALGORITHMS 
653 |a BENDING 
653 |a CONTROL SYSTEMS 
653 |a DAMPING 
653 |a DYNAMIC LOADS 
653 |a FIELD TESTS 
653 |a OPTIMAL CONTROL 
653 |a REGULATIONS 
653 |a ROTORS 
653 |a TESTING 
653 |a TORSION 
653 |a TURBINES 
653 |a VELOCITY 
653 |a WIND TURBINES 
776 0 |a Wright, A. D. (Alan Duane), 1954-  |t Progress in implementing and testing state-space controls for the controls advanced research turbine  |h 13 p.  |w (OCoLC)58725172 
700 1 |a Stol, Karl A. 
700 1 |a Fingersh, Lee Jay. 
710 2 |a National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.) 
720 |a Wright, A. D. 
720 |a Fingersh, L. J. 
720 |a Stol, K. A. 
856 4 0 |u http://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/15011717-AlPNYh/native/  |q application/pdf  |z ONLINE VERSION 
856 4 0 |u http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS70778  |z ONLINE VERSION 
852 |b WWW