Review by Choice Review
Internationally recognized author Farrington (Cambridge) and US criminologist Welsh (Univ. of Massachusetts, Lowell) have applied a psychological theoretical perspective and "gold standard" experimental methodology to delinquency prevention programs. Their comparative review of intervention programs (primarily Cambridge, UK, and Pittsburgh, PA) evaluates effectiveness and how the results become the components of national strategies. They report on findings from other US and international programs, and specify risk factors associated with offending youth and adult behavior. Reducing the influence of risk factors will make youth less likely to become involved in youthful and adult crime. Risk factors reflect the "behavior control" conceptual approach dealing with antisocial acts. The social learning perspective is absent, and the authors give slight coverage to protective influences, which they find to have conceptual difficulties and little in valuable research findings. A three-part discussion reviews early risk and protective factors; offers critical review of prevention and intervention programs; and formulates a national strategy to reduce offending behaviors. The authors make only passing references to major recent studies that should be consulted with this report: Peter Greenwood, Changing Lives (CH, Jun'06, 43-6201); John Laub and Robert Sampson, Shared Beginnings, Divergent Lives (CH, Jul'04, 41-6858); and Bruce Western, Punishment and Inequality in America, (CH, Mar'07, 44-4178). Bibliography is extensive for this delinquency perspective. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. J. H. Larson emeritus, University of North Dakota
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