Background Research

The Library has a large number of subject specific online encyclopedias with up-to-date articles on your paper topic. They will lead you to exhaustive and well-researched articles that are written and signed by scholars. Jump start your research with valuable background information, a detailed overview and/or a bibliography of current research. Enter keywords or the names of important theorists into the search fields of the online encyclopedias, companions and handbooks listed below:

For more criminal justice encyclopedias consult the Criminal Justice Subject Guide.

Journal Articles

  • Criminal Justice Abstracts
    Covers crime trends, crime prevention and deterrence, juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, police, courts, punishment and sentencing. The database contains indexes and summaries of international journal articles, books, and governmental and non-governmental reports on a wide range of topics in criminal justice.

    Important features on the search screen:
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    Full text linking:

    Formatting references in APA style
  • National Criminal Justice Reference Service Abstracts
    The NCJRS database covers the fields of law enforcement and criminal justice. It contains summaries of more than 190,000 publications including books, government reports, research reports, and unpublished research. It also includes content from 189 journals, including 12 with core coverage.
  • Sociological Abstracts
    Indexes scholarly journals in the field of sociology.
  • Find further indexes on the Criminal Justice Subject Guide or ask for recommendations.


Citing Your Sources

  • Export references in APA style for your cited reference list.
    Use the "Add to Folder" links to create a list of potentially useful articles then switch to Folder View and Select all items. Click on the "Save as File" icon to the right of your results and select APA in the drop down menu under "Citation Format." Click on "Save" and then copy and paste the resulting list of APA style citations into your word file. APA is the most widely used style in the social sciences.
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