Databases for Scholarly Articles: Contains MLA (covered in class) and other sources for finding scholarly peer reviewed criticism (In other words the secondary sources you need for your paper).
Additional Resources: Contains resources for finding books, newspaper articles, biographical information about authors, and other useful reference materials for literary criticism.
Organizing & Citing Your Sources: Has links to RefWorks, Zotero, and MLA style guides.
-Also of potential interest, George Saunders's official website: neverrockfila.com
If you're interested in better understanding the difference between web searches and library databases please click here: The Web vs. Library Databases – A comparison
Harvard Guide to Using Sources: What Constitutes Plagiarism?
Scholarly Databases For Articles & Books
MLA International Bibliography (ProQuest)
Consists of bibliographic records pertaining to literature, language, linguistics, and folklore. Includes citations to articles from over 4,400 journals and series published internationally, as well as monographs, collections, and various types of reference works. Subscription to the MLA International Bibliography also includes access to the MLA Directory of Periodicals.WorldCat (OCLC)
WorldCat is a catalog of library collections worldwide. WorldCat highlights publications available at Villanova University. Other items can be requested via an inter-library loan request form.WorldCat Step-by-Step
is a self-paced interactive tutorial for students new to this resource.JSTOR
A searchable and browsable archive of full-text core journals and books in the humanities, social sciences and mathematics.Literature Criticism Online (Gale)
LCO is an extensive compilation of literary commentary reaching back 30 years and cover centuries of critiques on authors and their works that span all time periods, types of literature and regions. The cross searchable collection brings together the most acclaimed literary series Drama Criticism, Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism, Poetry Criticism and Short Story Criticism
providing criticism on the major authors, dramatists and poets. The database includes Shakespearean Literature Criticism
with a comprehensive coverage of critical interpretations of his plays and poetry.Literature Online (Chadwyck-Healey)
A fully searchable library of more than 350,000 works of English and American poetry, drama and prose, 382 full-text literature journals, and other key criticism and reference resources.America: History and Life (EBSCO)
A complete bibliographic reference to the history of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. The database also includes citations and links to book and media reviews.America: History & Life is a self-paced interactive tutorial for students new to this resource.Historical Abstracts (EBSCO)
An annotated reference guide to the history of the world (excluding the United States and Canada) from 1450 to the present. Provides indexing of more than 2,300 academic historical journals in over 40 languages back to 1955 as well as book reviews and dissertations.A Short Introduction to Historical Abstracts is a self-paced interactive tutorial for students new to this resource.African American Studies Center Online (Oxford)
The database provides students, scholars and librarians with online access to the finest reference resources in African American studies. At its core, AASC features the new Encyclopedia of African American History: 1619-1895
, Black Women in America
, the highly acclaimed Africana
, a five-volume history of the African and African American experience, and the African American National Biography
project (estimated at 8 volumes). In addition to these major reference works, AASC offers other key resources from Oxford's reference program, including the Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature
and selected articles from other reference works.
Cambridge Companions to Literature and Classics
Written by experts and designed for the general reader, the Cambridge Companions to Literature and Classics
collection offers over 2000 comprehensive and accessible essays on major authors, periods and genres. For the author Companions, each writer is placed in literary and historical context; their major works are analyzed, either in separate chapters or grouped according to theme, and their influence on later writers assessed. The generic and topical Companions cover periods of English literature such as Old English or the Victorian Novel, and literary genres such as Modernism or Greek Tragedy, giving the reader vital contextual information about political, social, religious and artistic relationships. The Companions to Classical Civilisation examine key periods and aspects of the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome.Cambridge History of English and American Literature
Considered the most important work of literary history and criticism ever published, the Cambridge History contains over 303 chapters and 11,000 pages, with essay topics ranging from poetry, fiction, drama and essays to history, theology and political writing.Cambridge History of Literary Criticism
The Cambridge History of Literary Criticism provides a comprehensive historical account of Western literary criticism from classical antiquity to the present day. The history will comprise nine volumes and deal with literary theory and critical practice. It is intended as an authoritative work of reference and exposition, much more than a mere chronicle of facts. While remaining broadly non-partisan, it addresses, where appropriate, controversial issues of current critical debate without evasion or pretence of neutrality. Nevertheless, it will maintain throughout a scrupulous concern for factual accuracy and a due representation of differing points of view.Oxford English Dictionary
The world's leading authority on the history and development of the English language since 1150. Based on the 1989 2nd edition, a 20-volume set, with additions from 1993-1997 and the 3rd edition (in progress) from 2000-. Approximately 1,000 new and revised entries will be released quarterly online.Dictionary of Literary Biography Complete Online (Gale)
The Dictionary of Literary Biography print series has been a favorite with students and scholars for many years, often the first place to go to find authoritative biographical and critical essays on the world’s most influential literary figures from all eras and genres. Offers Documentary, Main, and Yearbook series.Literature Resource Center (Gale)
Full-text articles from scholarly journals and literary magazines are combined with critical essays, work and topic overviews, full-text works, biographies, and more to provide a wealth of information on authors, their works, and literary movements. Cross-searching capability between Literature Resource Center (LRC) and Gale Virtual Reference Library
.Historical New York Times: 1851-2013 (ProQuest)The New York Times
is a unique full-image archive that brings you the entire historical run of The New York Times
, in-depth coverage of science and politics. It offers complete coverage from 1851 to the present with the exception of the most current two years. Includes classified ads, comics and cartoons, photos, maps, graphics, etc., editorials and commentary.The Times Digital Archive 1785-2010(Gale)
The Times is the "world's newspaper of record" and covers all major international historical events from the French Revolution to the Falkland War. The entire newspaper is captured, with all articles, advertisements and illustrations/photos divided into categories to facilitate searching. It is a digital reproduction, cover to cover, of the paper in PDF files.ProQuest Newsstand
Includes access to the full text of over 1,300 newspapers, news websites and blogs including The New York Times
, Wall Street Journal
and Washington Post
, plus other important U.S., international and minority interest papers.
Organizing & Citing Your Sources
Organizing Your Sources
Never type a bibliography again! RefWorks
will help you easily gather, manage, and store bibliographic citations for all types of information, as well as generate footnotes and bibliographies.
to view a step-by-step tutorial on how to set up a RefWorks account.Zotero
Zotero is a free, open source citation tool developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for New Media at George Mason University. It’s been funded by the Mellon and Sloan foundations, as well as the Institute of Museum and Library Services.HERE
you can find detailed information about what Zotero is and what it can do for you.
Start using Zotero HERE
MLA Style Guide
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University
houses writing resources and instructional material, and they provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Students, members of the community, and users worldwide will find information to assist with many writing projects. Teachers and trainers may use this material for in-class and out-of-class instruction.