Getting Started

The encyclopedias and companions listed in this section have helpful introductory essays on all aspects of ancient art. Each essay recommends sources for further reading.

Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Brill's New Pauly (print and online access)
Covers all aspects of art in the classical world.

Encyclopedia of Ancient History (Wiley-Blackwell)
Click on Search in this Book to find essays on ancient art. The Encyclopedia has helpful overview articles about Roman and Greek art. Try the following keywords to find more specific entries on ancient art: wall painting, mosaics, furniture, architecture, sculpture, fresco, graffiti, villa, paint and painting, vases, glass, etc.

Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt
Topics covered include art, architecture, religion, language, literature, trade, politics, everyday social life and the culture of the court.

Dictionary of Art
34 volumes. Print only. Shelved on the second floor of the library.

Greek Art, A companion to
Introductory chapters on all aspects of Greek art from architecture to mosaics and coinage.

A Companion to Ancient Egypt (Wiley-Blackwell)
The Companion has eleven chapters on the visual arts (chapters 35-45).

Oxford Classical Dictionary (4th ed., 2012)
Entries of varying lengths on all aspects of art in the classical world.

Cambridge Ancient History
A comprehensive ancient history in fourteen volumes spanning prehistory to late antiquity.


Falvey Library Catalog
Start with a simple keyword search and narrow results as necessary with the help of hyperlinked subjects.
subject search: Architecture, Spanish colonial
subject search: "Central Park (New York, N.Y.) - History"
subject search: Bauhaus - Influence
subject search: "Empire State Building (New York, N.Y.)"
subject search: Gehry, Frank O., 1929-

WorldCat (FirstSearch)
WorldCat is a catalog of library collections worldwide. WorldCat identifies books available in the Library and mediates requests for books not available at Villanova University.
WorldCat Step-by-Step is a self-paced interactive tutorial for students new to this resource.

E-ZBorrow and Interlibrary Loan
Interlibrary loans are only available for books and journals which are not owned by Falvey. The E-ZBorrow service can be used for books which the library owns, but which are currently checked out. E-ZBorrow books are provided by a local library network and tend to arrive faster than interlibrary loans.

Journal Articles

Art Full Text (EBSCO)
Art Full Text indexes and abstracts the content of art journals.
Click on findit to link to the online articles or use the Get a Scan button.

Avery Index to Architectural Periodicals (ProQuest)
Indexes academic journals, book and exhibition reviews, interviews, and obituaries in the fields of architecture, city planning, interior design, historic preservation, and archaeology. Includes abstracts of journal articles. Published by the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University. Coverage goes back to 1934.

A searchable and browsable archive of full-text core journals in the humanities, social sciences and mathematics. Use the Advanced Search feature in order to limit to architecture and/or art journals.

Art Index Retrospective: 1929-1984 (EBSCO)
Indexes articles from art and architecture periodicals published from 1929-1984.

Below are two lists, which decode the abbreviations commonly used in ancient history and art journals, book series, and reference works:


Image archive with high-resolution art images. ARTstor requires online registration in order to download images.

Falvey Library Catalog
Books often include images. Add the keyword "exhibition" to your search to find exhibition catalogs.

Chicago Style

Chicago Manual of Style Online
The 17th edition of the standard style manual used by writers and editors of scholarly books and journals.
For a quick introduction watch the online tutorial A Brief Introduction to the Chicago Manual of Style.
Chicago-Style Step-by-Step is a self-paced interactive tutorial for students new to Chicago Style.
Use the Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide for easy reference.