Encyclopedias, Handbooks & Companions

The Library has a large collection of reference works, most of them in electronic format. Discover relevant encyclopedias, handbooks, and companions through a search in the Articles & more file of the Library's catalog. Simply limit your search results to Reference under Format.

Encyclopedia of Ancient History (Wiley-Blackwell)
Covers all civilizations of the ancient Mediterranean world including the Near East and Egypt.

A Companion to Ancient History (Wiley-Blackwell)

Cambridge Ancient History
A comprehensive ancient history in fourteen volumes spanning prehistory to late antiquity. Volume 1.2 covers the early history of the Middle East from 3000 to 1750 B.C. Volume 2.1. covers the history of the Middle East and the Aegean Region from 1800 to 1380 B.C.

Oxford Handbook of the State in the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean

Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture

A Companion to Ancient Egypt (Wiley-Blackwell)

Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt
Articles written by leading scholars cover the ancient Egyptian civilization, from the pre-dynastic era to its eclipse in the seventh century CE. Topic covered include art, architecture, religion, language, literature, trade, politics, everyday social life and the culture of the court.

Companion to the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East (Wiley-Blackwell)

Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

A Companion to Women in the Ancient World (Wiley-Blackwell)

Scholarly Literature: Books, chapters, journal articles

Books are an important source of critical literature. Discover the Library's collection of electronic books through Books & Media or JSTOR.
The Library subscribes to a large number of history journals. Use the Journal Finder or the Articles & More search in the Library's catalog to look for known references and to discover scholarly articles about any topic.

Books & Media
Start with a keyword search and use the hyper-linked Library of Congress subjects to focus your search results. Alternatively, use available facets such as topic and language to narrow search results. Subject searches can significantly increase or decrease search results.
Use the Online collection facet to limit results to ebooks.
Keyword search: Kings and Mesopotamia
Subject search: "King of Assyria"
Keyword search: Sargon
Subject search: "Sargon II, King of Assyria"
Note that the subject search returns mach smaller numbers and will typically not include books with a single chapter on the subject. Subject searches only recognize one spelling variation. It is recommended to compare subject and keyword search results.

Articles & More Search
This section of the catalog enables you to search millions of full text articles and other electronic resources available through the Library. Check Limit to articles from peer-reviewed journals to focus on scholarly journal articles.

Provides a full text archive of academic journals and books in the humanities, social sciences, and mathematics. The most recent three to five years of a journal are usually not included.

Borrow from Other Libraries (Interlibrary Loan/ILL)
Request articles that are not available in the local collection through interlibrary loan. Enter citation information into the online request form. Electronic delivery takes generally one to two days. Print books are currently not available through interlibrary loan.

Journal Name Abbreviations

Trying to decipher a journal abbreviation?
Check the journal abbreviations lists below for the full journal title:
Abbreviations for titles of Classical/Medieval Studies journals (L'Annee Philologique)
Bibliographical Abbreviations (compiled for the Egyptologists' Electronic Forum)
Abbreviations for Assyriology (Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative, University of Oxford)

Citing Your Sources

Chicago Manual of Style Online
The 17th edition of the Manual is the most current. The online version includes a Citation Quick Guide with examples. The Library's website offers a short introduction and overview to the Notes and Bibliography System commonly used in the humanities.