This research guide is intended for HIS 1250 (Ancient Greek Citizenship) and HIS 3011 (Greek Civilization). It introduces selected academic publications in the field of ancient Greek history. Use the menu on the left to navigate and feel free to contact me if you have questions. I am also available for research consultations. Use the book now button to schedule a meeting with me.
Encyclopedias, Handbooks & Companions
The Library has a substantial collection of subject-specific encyclopedias, handbooks, and companions with exhaustive and well-researched articles written by subject experts. These essays are great introductions to the historiography and helpful in defining and focusing a topic. Articles generally include references to recommended literature. Oxford Research Encyclopedias - Oxford Classical Dictionary
This edition began with all of the articles from the fourth edition, but is regularly expanded with new articles and updated with revisions to previously published articles. It includes images, maps of the ancient world, links, and audiovisual clips. Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome
Offers a comprehensive overview of the major cultures of the classical Mediterranean world -- Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman -- from the Bronze Age to the fifth century CE. It also covers the legacy of the classical world and its interpretation and influence in subsequent centuries. Encyclopedia of Ancient History (Wiley-Blackwell)
Covers all civilizations of the ancient Mediterranean world including the Near East and Egypt. Brill's New Pauly Online
Provides encyclopedic coverage of people, places, works and subjects related to Greco-Roman antiquity and history from the second millennium BC to early medieval Europe, the classical tradition, the aftermath of antiquity, the process of continuous reinterpretation and revaluation of the ancient heritage, and the field of classical studies scholarship. Source is published English edition of the authoritative Der Neue Pauly (periodically updated). Online access via Brill Online. Jacoby Online
A revised and enlarged edition of Brill’s New Jacoby. New additions include an apparatus criticus and a discussion of the provenance of each fragment where relevant, as well as revised commentaries on the ancient historians in BNJ and updated bibliographies, all of which set BNJ2 significantly apart from the previous edition. Like Brill’s New Jacoby, this revised edition has texts and historians not included in Jacoby’s Die Fragmente der Griechischen Historiker I-III. It provides English translations to all testimonia and fragments, critical commentaries, and a brief encyclopedia-style entry about the historian’s life and works, with a select bibliography. Brill's New Jacoby, Second Edition is a work-in-progress with publication of the last historian scheduled for 2026. Oxford Bibliographies Online: Classics
Presents peer-reviewed, annotated bibliographies and expert commentary on current scholarship in all areas of the multidisciplinary field of Classical Studies. Oxford Handbooks Online: Classical Studies
Each handbook introduces and surveys the state of scholarship in a field of study through review articles written by leading subject specialists. Articles review key issues and debates and set the agenda for new research. Cambridge Histories Online (Cambridge University Press)
Provides online access to Cambridge histories. Each volume is edited and written by experts in the field. Subject matter ranges widely across the humanities with a concentration on political and cultural history. Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World (Wiley-Blackwell)
The companions cover a wide range of people and subjects from the ancient world including religion, women, gender roles, the army, and families in the Roman world. Each companion synthesizes the state of scholarship and introduces the reader to the sources. While most companions are available online, some are only available in print. Cambridge Companions to Literature and Classics (Cambridge University Press)
Written by experts and designed for the general reader, the Cambridge Companions to Literature and Classics collection offers over 2000 comprehensive and accessible essays on major authors, periods and genres. For the author Companions, each writer is placed in literary and historical context; their major works are analyzed, either in separate chapters or grouped according to theme, and their influence on later writers assessed. The generic and topical Companions cover periods of English literature such as Old English or the Victorian Novel, and literary genres such as Modernism or Greek Tragedy, giving the reader vital contextual information about political, social, religious and artistic relationships. The Companions to Classical Civilisation examine key periods and aspects of the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome. Brill's Companions to Classical Studies (Brill)
The companions cover a wide variety of subjects and persons from Classical Antiquity, and their reception in European culture. Each volume synthesizes the state of scholarship and introduces the reader to the sources. While most companions are available online, some are only available in print including the volume on Writings in Imperial Rome which features chapters on Vergil's geopolitics and Senecan political strategies.
Books & Book Chapters
Much of the scholarly literature in the field is published in books which are often referred to as monographs. Find books in the Library’s collection with a Books & Media
search. Start with keywords that describe your topic and use the hyperlinked subjects
in the book records to reduce and focus search results. Notice facets
such as topic and language which will further narrow results. Subject searches can significantly increase or decrease the number of results. For a more comprehensive review of the literature consult WorldCat
and use the integrated Borrow from other libraries
feature to request books which are not locally available. Books & Media
Includes records of all print and e-books owned by the Library. Use the Online collection facet to limit results to ebooks. WorldCat (FirstSearch)
Presents a combined catalog of the catalogs of more than 10,000 libraries worldwide. WorldCat highlights publications available at Villanova University. Other items can be requested via an inter-library loan request form. JSTOR
Provides a full text archive of academic journals and books in the humanities, social sciences, and mathematics. E-ZBorrow and Interlibrary Loan
Use the Articles form to request digital scans of book chapters. Check the Library website for availability of interlibrary borrowing for print books.
Library of Congress Subjects
Experiment with keyword and subject searches for better results. Keywords are pulled from anywhere in the catalog record including the table of contents while subject terms are limited to the Library of Congress (LC) subject thesaurus. LC subjects can help with the discovery of books missed with a keyword search. For example, a simple keyword search for women and antiquity
brings up a list with close to 400 matching publications. A closer look at the record for Women in Antiquity: Real Women Across the Ancient World
reveals the hyperlinked LC subject “Women – History – To 500”
which pulls up a different and much shorter list which in turn leads to the discovery of the Companion to Women in the Ancient World
, an important work that was not part of the first list because the keyword antiquity
does not occur in its catalog record.
The Library subscribes to many classical studies journals including The Journal of Roman Studies
, Greece and Rome
, The Classical Quarterly
, The Classical World
, and Classical Antiquity
. Use the E-Journal Finder
or the Articles & more
search option on the Library’s website to look up known references. Request articles from journals that are not part of the Library's collections through interlibrary loan.
The journal databases listed here index the contents of most if not all classical studies journals and are by far the best tools to discover articles published in these journals.
Année Philologique: Bibliography of the Classical World (Brepols)
Indexes and abstracts journal articles, books, book chapters, conference proceedings, and theses relating to all aspects of ancient Greek and Roman civilizations from 200 B.C. to roughly 800 A.D. Includes publications in many languages with abstracts in the major European languages. Coverage extends back to the early 20th century. Includes links to the full text in the Library's collection. The findit tool also generates borrow requests, a.k.a. Get a scan, for articles which are not locally available. These requests are typically filled in one to two days and delivered via email. JSTOR
Comprises an archive of core journals in the humanities. Current content is usually excluded. The Advanced Search permits discipline-specific searches. Disciplines include classical studies and archaeology among others. TOCS-IN (University of Toronto)
Provides the tables of contents of a selection of classics, Near Eastern studies, and religion journals. Coverage goes back to 1992. Indexing is limited and includes only author names, titles, journal titles in abbreviation, plus a few additional publication details. A list of abbreviations is available. This resources does not include full text links. Articles & More Search
If all else fails give Articles & more a try. Use unambiguous keywords and limit results to articles from peer-reviewed journals.
Journal Title Abbreviations
Confused by journal title abbreviations in references? They are common in the classical studies literature and the two abbreviations lists below will be helpful in figuring out the full names of cited journals.
Discover primary sources through the Books & Media
search option on the Library’s website. The Library’s collections include numerous transcribed and annotated primary source editions as well as facsimile editions of primary sources. Author and subject searches are particularly helpful. Use WorldCat
to expand your search and ask for assistance if needed. Books & Media
Use author and subject searches to discover primary sources in the Library's collection. For example, search for Thucydides as an author and filter results for English language publications. Try the following subjects in combination with other keywords: sources, inscriptions, speeches, addresses, and correspondence. Loeb Classical Library (Harvard University Press)
Past Masters (InteLex)
Offers online access to authoritative editions of Greek and Latin texts. English translations appear on facing pages, following the format of the print editions. The collection is searchable in English and in the original language. Also available in print
Contains selected full text of scholarly editions of many philosophers, theologians and literary writers including Aristotle and Plato. Lacus Curtius: Greek and Roman Authors
Features Greek and Roman texts and their translations. Perseus Digital Library
Covers the history, literature and culture of the Greco-Roman world, including texts and images, and applies what has been learned from Classical Studies to other subjects within the humanities and beyond. Perseus Project Texts
Internet Ancient History Sourcebook: Greece (Fordham University)
"The Perseus Project at Tufts University is the foremost Digital Library for the classical world, if not for the Humanities in general. In its collection of Greek and Roman materials, readers will find many of the canonical texts read today. The Greek collection approaches 8 million words and the Latin collection currently has 5.5 million. In addition, many English language dictionaries, other reference works, translations, and commentaries are included, so that anyone with an internet connection has access to the equivalent of a respectable College Classics library. The Perseus site is further enriched by intricate linking mechanisms among texts (resulting in more than 30 million links)."
"You will here find the same texts, but the mechanism for browsing and searching the text is a different one. It is PhiloLogic, a system that was especially developed for large textual databases by the ARTFL project at the University of Chicago."
Offers a rich index to primary sources in English translation freely available on the Internet. Expect a certain amount of broken links.
Maps, Atlases, Gazeteers
Pleiades: Gazetteer of Ancient Places
"Pleiades gives scholars, students, and enthusiasts worldwide the ability to use, create, and share historical geographic information about the ancient world in digital form." Peripleo (Pelagios Network)
An open-access digital directory of places in ancient history, built on the Classical Atlas Project, which produced the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World.
Pleiades is a joint project of the Ancient World Mapping Center, the Stoa Consortium, and the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World.
Discovers georeferenced data about ancient places, physical objects, people, and time periods. Maintained by the Pelagios network, a digital humanities initiative. ToposText
Maps classical Greek texts to places and peoples from Spain to India. Historical Atlas of the Ancient World
This new atlas of the ancient world illustrates the political, economic, social and cultural developments in the ancient Near East, the Mediterranean world, the Byzantine Empire, the Islamic world and the Holy Roman Empire from the 3rd millennium BC until the 15th century AD. The atlas has 170 large color maps that document the main historical developments. Each map is accompanied by a text that outlines the main historical developments. These texts include bibliographies and 65 additional maps, tables, and stemmata that provide further elucidation. Encyclopedia of Ancient History - Maps of the Ancient World (Wiley-Blackwell)
Features a selection of maps. The maps can be opened and enlarged in an online image viewer, and downloaded as powerpoint slides or pdf files. Ancient World Mapping Center
Free digital maps of the ancient world.
Ancient Greek History and Archaeology on the Web
Recommended websites. Athenian Agora Excavations
Features maps and overviews of Athenian institutions. Maintained by the American School of Classical Studies in Athens. The Ancient City of Athens
Presents a photographic archive of the archaeological and architectural remains of ancient Athens. Maintained by the Stoa consortium. Athenian Democracy: A Brief Overview
By Christopher W. Blackwell. Originally published in: Adriaan Lanni, ed., “Athenian Law in its Democratic Context” (Center for Hellenic Studies On-line Discussion Series). Diotima
Offers information on women, gender, sex, sexualities, race, ethnicity, class, status, masculinity, enslavement, disability, and the intersections among them in the ancient Mediterranean world. Arts & Culture (Google)
Features online access to the world's art and culture in collaboration with cultural institutions and artist from around the world. Explores individual artists, art movements, and much more. Includes virtual museum tours.
Greek Antiquity in Pop-Culture