Encyclopedias, Handbooks & Companions

The Library has a large collection of reference works, most of them in electronic format. Selected titles are listed below. Discover more encyclopedias, handbooks and companions through a search in the Articles & more file of the Library's catalog. Simply limit your search results to Reference under Format.

Gale Virtual Reference Library
Search multiple encyclopedias simultaneously. GVRL includes the Environmental Encyclopedia, the Encyclopedia of U.S. Political History, and U.S. Environmental Policy and Politics: A Documentary History among many other titles.

Oxford Handbooks Online (Oxford University Press)
Each handbook introduces and surveys the state of scholarship through review articles written by leading subject specialists.

Oxford Handbook of Environmental History
Edited by Andrew C. Isenberg. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.

Companion to American Environmental History
Edited by Douglas C. Sackman. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2010.

Companion to Global Environmental History
Edited by J. R. McNeill and Erin S. Mauldin. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2012

Oxford Bibliographies (Oxford University Press)
Offers expert literature reviews.

Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History
Edited by Lynn Dumenil. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Chronology of Americans and the Environment
By Chris J. Magoc. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2011.

Books and Book Chapters

Explore the Library’s monograph collection with the help of the Books & Media file of the catalog. Books that are not available can be requested through interlibrary loan. Expect to wait for about a week.

Books & Media
Includes records of all print and e-books owned by the Library. Books that are currently checked out can be requested through E-ZBorrow or interlibrary loan.

Oxford Bibliographies (Oxford University Press)
Offers expert literature reviews

WorldCat (FirstSearch)
Includes all books published in English as well as many foreign language works. Highlights publications available at Villanova University. Other items can be requested with a convenient link to an online request form.

Includes books and journal articles. This is only a small subset of what is published on any topic, but everything is available in full text online.

E-ZBorrow and Interlibrary Loan
Requests books that are not available on campus from other libraries.

Journal Articles

The Library subscribes to a large number of history journals. Use the E-Journal Finder or the Articles file in the Library's catalog to look for known references. Request articles from journals that are not part of the Library's collections through interlibrary loan. The Library's blue Findit button serves as a bridge to the full text.

America: History and Life (EBSCO)
Indexes the literature covering the history and culture of the United States and Canada from prehistory to the present. Includes citations for journal and magazine articles, book reviews and dissertations. Abstracts of journal articles are included together with selected full-text. Indexing goes back to 1964.

Historical Abstracts (EBSCO)
Indexes academic journals, magazines, books, book reviews and dissertations that cover world history from 1450 to the present, excluding North American history. Includes abstracts for academic journal articles and selective full-text content. Coverage extends back to 1953.

Provides a full-text archive of academic journals and books in the humanities, social sciences and mathematics. The most recent three to five years of a journal are usually not included.

CQ Researcher (CQ Press)
Features in-depth reports of political and social issues, including health, international affairs, education, the environment, technology and the U.S. economy. Reports include overview, background, current situation, pro/con views, chronology, and a bibliography. The issue tracker links to related reports. Coverage goes back to 1923.

Primary Sources

Here are some suggestions for locating primary sources in the Library's collection. Ask for advice and directions if you cannot find what you are looking for. Consult the online Primary Source Research Guide for further details.

Books & Media
Find primary sources in the catalog with keywords such as correspondence, diaries, personal narratives, speeches, documents and sources together with keywords that describe your topic.

WorldCat (FirstSearch)
Includes all books published in English as well as many foreign language works. Highlights publications available at Villanova University. Other items can be requested with a convenient link to an online request form.

New York Times: 1851- (ProQuest Historical Newspapers)
Provides full-text access to the complete New York Times archive except for the most current three years. Use Nexis-Uni for access to current content.

Washington Post Historical: 1877- (ProQuest)
Contains the full text of all Washington Post and Washington Post/Times-Herald title variations, from 1877 until seventeen years ago. For more recent Washington Post articles, see Nexis Uni (1977 - present).

Readers' Guide Retrospective: 1890-1982 (EBSCO)
Indexes popular U.S. magazines.

Readers' Guide Full Text Mega (EBSCO)
Indexes popular U.S. magazines

American Periodicals (ProQuest)
Provides access to the full text of American magazines and journals published from the colonial period to the early 20th century.

CQ Press Library (CQ Press)
Combines many Congressional Quarterly (CQ) Press resources for research in American government, politics, history, public policy, and current affairs.

U.S. Congressional Serial Set: 1817–1994 (Readex)
Provides full-text of all reports, documents, and journals of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives from 1817-1994 (15th through 103rd Congresses). Documents of the first 14 U.S. Congresses can be found in the American State Papers collection.

Citing Your Sources

Chicago Manual of Style Online
The 17th edition of the Manual is the most current. The online version includes a Citation Quick Guide. Access to the 16th edition is also available.