Getting Started

The Library has a large number of subject-specific online encyclopedias with short, well-written overview essays. These essays can be helpful in defining and focusing a topic. They generally have bibliographies which include important authors who have published on the subject. To discover encyclopedias with essays on your topic, go to the catalog, select Articles & more, type keywords which describe your topic into the searchbox and select the format facet Reference on the results screen (see screenshot below) or browse the selected titles listed below.

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Getting Started

Gale Virtual Reference Library
Search multiple encyclopedias simultaneously. GVRL includes the Dictionary of American History, the Encyclopedia of U.S. Political History, the Encyclopedia of U.S. Indian Policy and Law, and U.S. Environmental Policy and Politics: A Documentary History.
A self-paced interactive tutorial is available for those new to this resource.

Companion to American Environmental History

Oxford Handbook of Environmental History
See the essay on environmentalism by Donald Worster.

Encyclopedia of American Social Movements
This encyclopedia includes an essay about U.S. environmental movements of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Books & Media
Includes records of all print and e-books owned by the Library. Books that are currently checked out can be requested through E-ZBorrow or interlibrary loan.

Oxford Bibliographies (Oxford University Press)
Offers expert literature reviews

WorldCat (FirstSearch)
Includes all books published in English as well as many foreign language works. Highlights publications available at Villanova University. Other items can be requested with a convenient link to an online request form.

JSTOR
Includes books and journal articles. This is only a small subset of what is published on any topic, but everything is available in full text online.

E-ZBorrow and Interlibrary Loan
Requests books that are not available on campus from other libraries.

Journal Articles

America: History and Life (EBSCO)
This database indexes over 1,700 academic history journals such as Environment & History, Environmental History, Environmental Review, Environment & Culture. The FindIt button links to the full text of the articles in the Library's collection as well as to an interlibrary loan form. An online tutorial is available for those new to this database.

Articles & More Search
Search all the library\\'s e-resources simultaneously. While results may be fuzzy and overwhelming, Articles & More is easy to use and can be helpful as long as results are limited to peer-reviewed journals.

JSTOR
A searchable and browsable archive of full-text core journals in the humanities, social sciences and mathematics. JSTOR does not include all of the library's journal content.

Primary Sources

Falvey Library Catalog
Discover primary sources published in books with the help of the library's catalog. Add keywords such as diaries, reports, correspondence, speeches, sources, "personal narratives," or any other term that describes a type of primary source.

New York Times: 1851- (ProQuest Historical Newspapers)
Complete coverage from 1851 to the present with the exception of the most current two years. Includes classified ads, comics and cartoons, photos, maps, graphics, etc., editorials and commentary.

Washington Post Historical: 1877- (ProQuest)
The historical Washington Post offers full-text searching of every available issue of the Washington Post and Washington Post/Times-Herald title variations, from 1877 -1996.

Readers' Guide Retrospective: 1890-1982 (EBSCO)
Indexes popular U.S. magazines.

U.S. Congressional Serial Set: 1817–1994 (Readex)
Reports, documents and journals of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives from the 15th Congress through the 103rd Congress. The collection covers a wide range of subjects ranging from the Lewis and Clarke Expedition to the Three Mile Island nuclear accident.

OpinionArchives
Electronic archives to leading journals of opinion. Search the full text of over 740 years of archives including Harpers Magazine, The New Republic, The Nation, Commentary, NACLA, Commonweal, American Spectator, National Review and The New York Review of Books.

Alternative Press Index (EBSCO)
Indexes over 200 journals from the alternative, radical and left presses, newspapers and magazines covering cultural, economic, political and social change. Includes selected abstracts from research journals. Includes such titles as Earth First!, Green Horizon, Peace Review, New Solutions, and Co-op America Quarterly.

Ethnic NewsWatch (ProQuest)
Offers access to full-text articles from newspapers, magazines and journals of the ethnic, minority and native press. While most of the content is in English, significant Spanish and other language content is included. Coverage for most newspapers and magazines goes back to the early 1990s, but earlier content is also available.

CQ Press Library (CQ Press)
Provides combined search interface and access to various CQ Press collections including the CQ Almanac (1945-), the Political Handbook of the World (2005-), the Supreme Court Yearbook (1989-), and more. Includes links to CQ Press collections on the Sage Knowledge platform: Congress and the Nation (1945-2004), Historic Documents Series (1972-), Vital Statistics on American Politics, Washington Information Directory, and more.

Citing Your Sources

Chicago-style Citation Quick Guide
Available via Chicago Manual of Style Online: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/book/ed17/frontmatter/toc.html.

Web Tutorial: Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago Manual of Style Online
The print edition is also available at Falvey Memorial Library.

RefWorks (ProQuest)
Offers an online system allowing users to gather, manage, and store bibliographic citations and references. Also allows user to generate footnotes and bibliographies in a variety of scholarly formats. Click here for more information.

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