Encyclopedias, Handbooks, Companions

The Library has a substantial collection of subject-specific encyclopedias, handbooks, and companions with exhaustive and well-researched articles written by subject experts. These essays are great introductions to the historiography and helpful in defining and focusing a topic. Articles generally include references to recommended literature.

Oxford Bibliographies (Oxford University Press)  Tutorial
Offers outstanding introductions to a wide variety of topics in medieval and Renaissance studies with an emphasis on Western civilization. Each bibliographic essay begins with a general overview and a list of reference works, followed by a historiography and a list of critical journals in the field. Essays may also include a list of recommended primary sources in the original languages and in translation.

Oxford Handbooks Online (Oxford University Press)
Includes The Oxford Handbook of Women and Gender in Medieval Europe and The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity.

Bloomsbury Medieval Studies (Bloomsbury)
Presents a selection of interdisciplinary medieval studies resources among them the publisher's cultural history series with volumes covering childhood and family, sexuality, women, dress and fashion, money, empire, work, law, animals, the human body, food, emotions, senses, gardens, hair, and theatre in the middle ages.

Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages
A series of comprehensive regional and thematic encyclopedias. Thematic titles cover gender, science, medicine, trade and travel, Jewish and Islamic civilizations. Regions covered include England, Ireland, France, Iberia, Italy, and Germany. Available in print and/or in electronic format.

Cambridge Histories Online (Cambridge University Press)
Includes the New Cambridge Medieval History (8 vols.), the Cambridge History of Medieval Science, the Cambridge History of Medieval Philosophy (3 vols.), and the Cambridge History of Medieval Political Thought.

Brill's Medieval Reference Library Online
Encyclopedias on pilgrimage, the medieval chronicle, and medieval dress and textiles.

Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of the Global Middle Ages
Regional and thematic overviews and selected case studies from a global perspective. Of special interest for gender studies are the sections on queenship and family and kinship as well as the essays on Virgin Mary iconography.

Cambridge Companions Online (Cambridge University Press)
Includes companions to the writings of women, English culture, and Jewish philosophy in the Middle Ages.

Encyclopedia of Early Modern History (Brill)
Presents an interdisciplinary approach to early modern history from 1450 to 1850 with a mix of in-depth key articles and shorter subject treatments linked through cross references. The Encyclopedia offers unique central European viewpoints and voices with a strong focus on global connections.

Encyclopaedia Judaica
Provides an exhaustive and organized overview of all aspects of Jewish life from the Second Temple period to the contemporary State of Israel.

Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online
Focuses on the history of early Christian texts, authors, ideas.

Medieval History Reference Titles
Browse selected print and online encyclopedias and companions.

Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press)
Presents authoritative biographies of influential people who lived in Britain. Covers only deceased subjects. Includes portraits, if available, and bibliographies with citations to works by and about featured individuals.

Selected Primary Sources: Medieval Texts in Translation

Readings in Medieval Civilizations and Cultures (University of Toronto Press)
Each print volume presents a collection of translated primary sources that focus on a theme or a period.

Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies (Arizona Center for Medieval & Renaissance Studies
The series includes translations, reference works, editions, monographs and essay collections.

Middle Ages (University of Pennsylvania Press)
The series includes translations, editions, monographs and essay collections.

Peregrina Translation Series (Peregrina Publishing Co.)
Offers translated sources related to women's religious communities from 400-1600. Selected print copies are available locally. Peregrina Publishing Co. ceased publication of this series in 2004.

Manchester Medieval Sources (Manchester University Press)
Offers access to a growing collection of translations of key primary sources. Series editors are Rosemary Horrox and Simon MacLean. Most volumes are also available in print.

The Medieval Mediterranean: People, Economies and Cultures, 400-1500 (Brill)
The series includes translations, editions, monographs and essay collections.

Crusade Texts in Translation (Routledge)
The series provides a wide-ranging corpus of texts, most of them translated for the first time, concerned with the history of the crusades and the crusader-states.

Medieval Iberian Peninsula: Texts and Studies (Brill)
Covers the medieval history and culture of Spain, with particular emphasis on Islamic history and relations between medieval Christians and Muslims. Continued as The Medieval and Early Modern Iberian World series.

Medieval and Early Modern Iberian World (Brill)
The series includes original monographs, article collections, editions of texts or documents, translations--on the peoples and cultures of medieval Christian, Jewish, and Islamic Iberia.

Medieval History Texts in Translation (University of Leeds)
Almost all of the texts selected and edited for this project appear in English translation for the first time, and in some cases, the translation here is entirely new and has been made without reference to previous versions.

Mediaeval Sources in Translation (Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies)

Medieval Texts in Translation (Catholic University of America Press)

Internet Medieval Sourcebook (Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies)
Edited by Paul Halsall, the Sourcebook, is a vast archive of freely available transcribed and/or translated medieval primary sources. The Sourcebook can be searched and browsed.

More Primary Sources

Falvey Library Catalog
Search & browse Falvey Library's collection of books, journals, audio/video materials, electronic resources and more. Discover primary sources through author or subject searching. Helpful subject keywords include sources and early works to 1800.

WorldCat (FirstSearch)
Presents a combined catalog of the catalogs of more than 10,000 libraries worldwide. WorldCat highlights publications available at Villanova University. Other items can be requested via an inter-library loan request form.

Dissertations and Theses Global (ProQuest)
Includes the full text for most of the dissertations completed since 1997. Dissertations in the field of history typically have excellent primary source bibliographies. Occasionally dissertations include translations of medieval texts.

Early English Books Online (ProQuest)  Tutorial
Includes virtually every work printed in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales and British North America from 1473-1700.

Secondary Sources: Monographs and Journals

Falvey Library Catalog
Search & browse Falvey Library%u2019s collection. Begin with a simple keyword search and then use hyperlinked subjects to focus your results. Subjects are powerful research assistant that allow you to narrow your search to a single crusade. Depending on the depth of the local collection you may be able to further narrow your results to primary sources or historiography.

WorldCat (FirstSearch)
Presents a combined catalog of the catalogs of more than 10,000 libraries worldwide. WorldCat highlights publications available at Villanova University. Other items can be requested via an inter-library loan request form.

International Medieval Bibliography (Brepols)
The International Medieval Bibliography is an index to journal articles and essay collections related to the study of the Middle Ages. It indexes numerous collections and journals that the library does not own or subscribe to such as the journal Islam & Christian-Muslim Relations. Articles and book chapters that are not locally available can be requested via interlibrary loan.

Iter Bibliography (University of Toronto)
Indexes journals and essay collections pertaining to the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

Historical Abstracts (EBSCO)
An annotated reference guide to the history of the world (excluding the United States and Canada) from 1450 to the present.
A Short Introduction to Historical Abstracts is a self-paced interactive tutorial for students new to this resource.

RAMBI: The Index of Articles on Jewish Studies (National Library of Israel)
A selective bibliography of articles in the various fields of Jewish studies and in the study of Eretz Israel.

Feminae: Medieval Women and Gender Index
Indexes and selectively abstracts journal articles, book reviews, and book chapters about women, sexuality, and gender during the Middle Ages.

 Selected Academic Journals

Citing Your Sources

Chicago Manual of Style Online
The 17th edition of the Manual is the most current. The online version includes a Citation Quick Guide with examples. The Library's website offers a short introduction and overview to the Notes and Bibliography System commonly used in the humanities.