Basic Research Tools

Recommended Databases

Année Philologique: Bibliography of the Classical World (Brepols)
Indexes and abstracts journal articles, books, book chapters, conference proceedings, and theses relating to all aspects of ancient Greek and Roman civilizations from 200 B.C. to roughly 800 A.D. Includes publications in many languages with abstracts in the major European languages. Coverage extends back to the early 20th century.

Bloomsbury Cultural History Collection: Antiquity
Provides access to eBook chapters, images of museum objects and other digital content. Search by keyword, use the interactive timeline, or explore the many topics covered. Such as: Social Institutions; Visual Arts and Material Culture; Religion and Belief; Literature and Performing Arts; Science, Technology and Medicine; Economics, Trade and Production; Gender and Sexuality; Politics and Conflict; Leisure and Consumption. Antiquity here is from before 500 BCE to 499.

Bryn Mawr Classical Review (Bryn Mawr College)
Provides open-access, peer-reviewed reviews of scholarly works in the field of classical studies. Coverage is from 1990 to the present.

Classical and Medieval Literature Criticism (Gale)
A source of wide-ranging critical opinion on early literature, this series contains excerpts from criticism through the ages on the works of philosophers, poets and playwrights, political leaders, scientists, mathematicians and writers from other genres. Students writing a term paper on an author, work, topic, theme or idea, will find this series a helpful first resource. Approximately 90-95% of critical essays are full text. Entries feature biography and textual history, bibliographies of the writer's works, criticism and more. The titles of works are searchable. Reprints also available from Literature Resource Center.

Clavis Clavium (Brepols)  Access Instructions
Provides essential information regarding authorship, authenticity, chronological and geographical contexts, manuscript transmission, and editorial history of early Christian, medieval, and Byzantine literature. It allows cross-searching of the Clavis Patrum Latinorum, the Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina, the Clavis Patrum Graecorum, the Bibliotheca Hagiographica Graeca, the Clavis Apocryphorum Veteris Testamenti, and the Clavis Apocryphorum Novi Testamenti. New content added when it becomes available from the publisher.

Gnomon Biblographic Database
Contains monograph studies, anthologies, articles in periodicals, reviews, and encyclopedias in various languages that can be searched with a comprehensive and multilingual thesaurus.

Humanities & Social Sciences Index Retrospective: 1907-1984 (EBSCO)
Indexes academic journals, magazines, and book reviews in the humanities and social sciences published between 1907 and 1984.

Humanities Full Text (EBSCO)
Indexes and abstracts academic journals, magazines, and book reviews in the humanities. Includes abstracts and selected full text. Coverage extends back to 1984.

Provides a full text archive of academic journals and books in the humanities, social sciences, and mathematics. The most recent three to five years of a journal are usually not included.

MLA International Bibliography (EBSCO)
Provides citations to journal articles, books, book chapters, and dissertations on all aspects of literature, language and linguistics, literary theory and criticism, dramatic arts, and folklore. International in scope; coverage from 1926 to the present. Includes access to the MLA Directory of Periodicals.

Project Muse
Provides full-text access to books and journals in the arts, humanities, and social sciences.

TOCS-IN (University of Toronto)
TOCS-IN provides the tables of contents of a selection of Classics, Near Eastern Studies and Religion journals. Covers published works from 1992-present.

Selected Reference Resources

Lexicons, Vocabulary Tools & Grammar Aids

Primary Text Collections

Bibliotheca Teubneriana Latina (BTL) Online (De Gruyter)

Corpus Augustinianum Gissense: CAG-online (Zentrum für Augustinus-Forschung)

Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum

Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum

Flavius Josephus Online

Internet Ancient History Sourcebook (Fordham)

Jacoby Online

Library of Latin Texts: Cross Database Searchtool (Brepols)

Loeb Classical Library (Harvard University Press)

Oxford Scholarly Editions Online: Classics

Past Masters (InteLex)

Patrologia Graeca (Religion and Technology Center, Inc.)

Patrologia Latina (ProQuest)

Perseus Project Texts

Sources Chrétiennes Online (Brepols)

Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum Online (Brill)  Tutorial

The Internet Classics Archive (MIT)

Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (University of California, Irvine)  Limitations on Use  Access Instructions

Maps & Greography Aids

Selected Videos

Recomended E-Book Collections

Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt (De Gruyter)
Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (ANRW) / Rise and Decline of the Roman World is a 90 volume work of international cooperation in the field of historical scholarship. Organized as a handbook, ANRW is a survey of Roman Studies in the broadest sense, and includes the history of the reception and influence of Roman Culture up to the present time. Essays are in various languages. The work is divided into three parts: I. From the Origins of Rome to the End of the Republic II. The Principate III. Late Antiquity Each part consists of six systematic sections, which occasionally overlap: 1. Political History, 2. Law, 3. Religion, 4. Language and Literature, 5. Philosophy and the Sciences, 6. The Arts.

Brill's Companions to Classical Studies (Brill)
The companions cover a wide variety of subjects and persons from Classical Antiquity, and their reception in European culture. Each volume synthesizes the state of scholarship and introduces the reader to the sources. While most companions are available online, some are only available in print including the volume on Writings in Imperial Rome which features chapters on Vergil's geopolitics and Senecan political strategies.

Cambridge Companions Online (Cambridge University Press)
Provides access to the complete collection of Cambridge Companions, a series of authoritative guides to subject- or theme-based essay collections, written by leading experts. Areas covered include literature, classics, philosophy, religion, culture and music.

Oxford Handbooks Online (Oxford University Press)
Provides digital access in selected disciplines. Each handbook introduces and surveys the state of scholarship in a field of study through review articles written by leading subject specialists. Articles review key issues and debates and set the agenda for new research. Villanova University does not have access to the complete collection. Access print handbooks through the Library's print collection and/or interlibrary loan services.

Religions of the Graeco-Roman World Online (Brill)
Provides access to content from a growing list of books in RGRW series. Also includes volumes from Studies in Greek and Roman Religion and Études Préliminaires aux Religions Orientales dans l'Empire Romain (EPRO).

Very Short Introductions (Oxford University Press)
Introduces a wide range of arts and humanities, STEM, and social sciences subjects. Written by experts for a general audience, each volume outlines key concepts and new research directions. Includes references and recommended readings.

Wiley Online Library
Provides full text access to Wiley publications covering life, health, and physical sciences, social sciences, and the humanities.