What to Cite

All citation styles agree that is it is essential to credit the ideas, theories and research relied upon.  Thorough citation practice ensures the avoidance of plagiarism, the appropriation of another authors work as your own, and is important for maintaining academic integrity.  Good citations make it easy for readers to find your sources. Take care to cite:

  • Direct quotations
  • Paraphased materials
  • Facts, ideas, and theories that are not common knowledge for your intended audience
  • Data, images and visualizations compiled by others
  • Your own words previously published or submitted (to avoid self plagiarism)

APA Style

Commonly used in social sciences, business & nursing

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is the authoritative & preferred style.  It is only available in PRINT in the library and is not online.

Purdue OWL Guide to APA Citation

APA Style Blog is an authoritative source for finding out how to cite unusual materials

Falvey Library Citation Resources lists additional aids for APA style



Citation Generators and Managers

Library databases, software like Word and free citation generators such as  ZoteroBib can be used to quickly and easily make citations.  Keep in mind these tools are not perfect and it is your responsibility to check the citations generated against publication manuals or authoritative examples.

Citation management tools listed below are useful for saving,organizing and sharing extensive bibliographies. These recommended tools require you to download and run the software on your machine.  They have plugins for Word and browser extensions.