Below you will find a glossary of digital scholarship and digital humanities topics and areas of specialization. Many of these topics were taken from The Digital Humanities Literacy Guidebook. Please refer to this resource if you are interested in learning more about other DS/DH related topics not listed here.

  Black Digital Humanities

Black Digital Humanities is “an approach to community, methodology, praxis, and theory in digital humanities that centers black thought and cultural production” (The Digital Humanities Literacy Guidebook). Black Digital Humanities is a field of study at the intersection of black studies and digital humanities, combining two complex interdisciplinary areas of scholarship and methodology. Examples of Black Digital Humanities projects and initiatives include the Black Gotham Archive, , Black Girls Code, and The Mis-Adventures of the Awkward Black Girl.

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  Computational Linguistics

Computational Linguistics is an interdisciplinary field of study that focuses on the computational modeling of any natural (human) language. The field of study is also interested in applying computational approaches to answer linguistic questions. Computational linguistics is practiced by computer scientists, linguists, philosophers, psychologists, and a variety of other scholars.

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  Digital Art History

Digital Art History is the use of digital technologies by art historians to further the study of art history. Using digital methods, scholars can process large volumes of digitized images of works of art.

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  Digital Humanities Feminism

Digital Humanities Feminism is a community of scholars focused on increasing the role of women and feminists in technology and the digital humanities. Digital Humanities Feminism is also interested in the study of technology with a feminist lens.

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  Digital Pedagogy

Digital Pedagogy is the use of digital technologies for both teaching and learning. Digital pedagogy can encompass online teaching, online full lesson plans, web annotated primary sources, and using technology for assignments such as having students create a blog post, video recording, or audio podcast instead of a traditional paper or exam.

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  Digital Public History

Digital Public History is the use of digital media to advance historical research. This field of study is primarily concerned with engaging online audiences with historical content. Examples of digital history scholarly outputs include: oral histories, digital archives, digital exhibits, 3D modeling of historical buildings, and interactive maps and timelines.

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  Distant Reading

Distant Reading is the application of computational methods to literary data, often derived from digital libraries to study literary theory. In contrast to the term, "close reading" (the careful reading of passages of text in literary studies), distant reading studies the literary themes from a computational lens, using stylometry and text and data mining methods. See also Text Analysis and Stylometry in this glossary for more information.

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  Global Digital Humanities

Global Digital Humanities is an effort “focused on making space for communities orthogonal to global power structures” (The Digital Humanities Literacy Guidebook). The effort brings together the excellent digital humanities work of researchers and institutions from all geographic regions and economic backgrounds.

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  Historical Geographic Information Systems (HGIS)

Historical Geographic Information Systems (HGIS) is the application of mapping software and geographic data to historical and spatial analysis. See Falvey’s GIS Subject Guide for more information on Geographic Information Systems

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  Network Analysis

Network Analysis uses graph theory to study relations among actors in order to analyze the social structures that emerge from those relations. Two examples of network analysis projects in the digital humanities include: Six Degrees of Francis Bacon and the Carolingian Networks

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  Oral History

Oral History is the practice of collecting oral testimonials about individuals on either audio or video through the process of interviews. Oral history is often conducted in the field of Digital Public History.

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Stylometry is the quantitative study of literary style through text analysis (See also Text Analysis and Distant Reading) methods and distant reading. It is based on the observation that authors tend to write in relatively consistent, recognizable and unique ways.

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  Text Analysis

Text Analysis or text and data mining aims to extract machine-readable information from unstructured text in order to enable data-driven approaches towards managing content. Text Analysis often relies on natural language processing (NLP), a field that explores the interactions between computers and human (natural) languages. Some examples of text analysis includes named entity recognition, topic modeling, stylometry, distant reading, or sentiment analysis (See also Stylometry and Distant Reading in the glossary).

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  Text Encoding Initiative (TEI)

The Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) is a community of practice that defines a specific branch of eXtensible Markup Language (XML). A markup language is a text processing system that annotates documents in ways that are both human and machine readable. Both XML and TEI support numerous languages through Unicode. The goal of TEI is to maintain a standard for representing digital editions in order to further their study by scholars from a variety of fields such as literary studies, history, and linguistics.

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  Virtual Reality (VR) and Augumented Reality (AR)

Virtual Reality (VR) is a computer simulation that attempts to construct an imagined world, or reconstruct a physical world. VR has additional siblings, including Augmented Reality (AR) (in which a real world situation is enhanced by computer-generated information) and mixed reality (in which artificial things are displayed in the real world). VR includes 3D modeling of objects and environments.

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  Web Archiving

Web Archiving is the act of creating an archive of information stored on the World Wide Web. Web archives frequently automatically access and download full copies of publicly accessible websites through the process of web crawling. The idea is to preserve information stored on the web for research purposes.

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