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Getting Started

  Advertising Age Datacenter
Advertising Age provides access to the top trade sources for news and rankings, Advertising Age and Advertising Week.

  Encyclopedia of Global Brands
Model articles that provide comprehensive brand analyses covering brand origin, elements, identity, strategy, equity & outlook.

  Encyclopedia of Major Marketing Campaigns
Marketing is advertising in context, so this is a great place to learn about historical campaigns.

Case studies, news and data on global marketing and advertising.


  Advertising Redbooks
The Advertising REDBOOKS online database provides current detailed data on advertising agencies, advertiser profiles for companies with estimated spend and contact information for personnel.

  Gale directory of publications and broadcast media
Use this directory to identify radio, television and cable stations.

Free directory for finding newspapers, magazines, TV stations and radio (in the local listings).

Costs & Expenditures

Advertising rates are often determined in negotiations or on exchanges.  Print media such as consumer or trade magazines and newspapers still provide "rate cards" and "media kits" that offer standards advertising rates and audience demographics.  Digital properties such as websites, online news sources, cable, video and T.V. often make audience demographics available via "media kits", but not rates.  Rates can typically be benchmarked via published studies.

  MRI University Internet Reporter
MRI University Internet Reporter is a platform for the results of a national consumer survey useful for gaining insights into target markets and their media usage.  Only currently enrolled faculty, students and staff may use this resource for academic research and teaching.  Commercial use of this data is not permitted.  Registration with a Villanova email address is required.  Follow these registration instructions

Ad$pender is a tool for generating reports on advertising expenditures across twelve media including TV, cable, magazines, newspapers, radio, outdoor and internet display on the level of industries, categories, brands, products and advertisers going back to 2007.

Media Market Guide Report from SQAD providing CCP (cost per point) and CPM (cost per mille or thousand views) for TV, cable and radio.


The cost for local spot TV advertising can be estimated using the Media Market Guide.  Average costs by demographics and markets based on cost per point (CPP) and cost per thousand (CPM) impressions are reported.  If estimating by CPP, the formula is SQAD CPP * Nielsen Rating= Average cost for a 30 second spot.  Get Nielsen ratings from TVbytheNumbers.com or Nielsen (note only clients have full access to their ratings).

The TVB is the trade association for commercial television and provides tips on media buying and a directory of commercial television stations by market. 


The cost for radio advertising can be estimated using the Media Market Guide.  Average costs by markets and time of day are reported.  If estimating by CPP, the formula is SQAD CPP * Arbitron Rating=Average cost for 60 second target.  Get Arbitron radio ratings from Stationratings.com or by registering with Arbitron

The Radio Advertising Bureau is a  source for information about terms and trends in radio advertising.  It restricts access to demographics on radio formats to members and the case studies and reports on radio advertising efficacy should be used with caution.

 Cable TV

The Video Advertising Bureau has a directory of cable networks searchable by network, programming and demographics.  The profiles provide detailed viewer profiles. 


Internet advertising inventory be it display, multimedia or mobile is typically managed through ad exchanges.  Consequently the library does not have systematically benchmarked rates.  There are several payment models in use including cost per click (CPC), cost per thousand (CPM), cost per acquisition (CPA), cost per lead (CPL), and cost per engagement (CPE).  Search these payment models to find estimates based on surveys for advertising costs in trade news via ABI/Inform and more easily in e-Marketer, both linked below.  Alternately browse the Advertising & Marketing, Online Advertising Topics in e-Marketer. 

The Interactive Advertising Bureau is a good source for general information and reports on online advertising


Newspapers typically publish "rate cards" for advertising prices and "media kits" for "rate cards" for circulation and demographics of readership.  To identify newspapers published in you target geographic market search a newspapers directory. MondoTimes is recommended but there are others.  Once you have identified newspapers in your market, go to their web sites and browse or search for their media kits and rate cards.


Both consumer and trade magazines usually publish "media kits" with rate cards.  These media kits include audience data and rates.  Use MRI Internet Reporter to identify magazines read by your target demographic.  Alternately search MondoTimes by topic.   Google the magazine name and the phrase "media kit"  or browse to the advertise with us section to get rates and audience data.

Out of Home

Out of home advertising encompasses billboards, signs on mass transit, malls and the like.  The Outdoor Advertising Association of America describes all of the many out of home media formats and describes   Use their membership directory to identify out of home media companies.  Browse their web site for rates and reach.

Direct Marketing

The DMA Statistical Fact Book provides excellent benchmarks for direct marketing.  The Direct Marketing Association offers a listing of direct marketing vendors.  ReferenceUSA offers a consumer search that can be used to build a mailing list based on location and lifestyle.


Ad*Access Historical digital collection of print advertising in U.S. newspapers and consumer magazines from 1911 to 1955 provided by Duke University Libraries.

AdViews Historical collection of television advertising from 1950-1980 made or collected by DMB&B provided by Duke University Libraries

Ads of the World Website that archives ads from around the globe catagorized by media, geographically and by industry.  Full access requires free registration.

AdFlip Archives of print advertisements.

AdForum Check out their creative library for examples of ads in various venues.

Digital & Interactive Advertising

e-Marketer is an international aggregator of data and reports on digital marketing from over 4000 sources. Access reports, data and news about media usage, social media, mobile, digital advertising, e-commerce, e-mail marketing, and search across a wide range of industries.

  Interactive Advertising Bureau
The Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB) is comprised of more than 500 leading media and technology companies who are responsible for selling 86% of online advertising in the United States. On behalf of its members, the IAB is dedicated to the growth of the interactive advertising marketplace, of interactive’s share of total marketing spend, and of its members’ share of total marketing spend. The IAB educates marketers, agencies, media companies and the wider business community about the value of interactive advertising.

Books & Articles

Books and articles can provide practical guidance on advertsing, scholarly research on the industry and advertising efficacy and impacts.

Search our Catalog for subjects such as these: advertising, television advertising, internet advertising, digital signage, signs and signboards, advertising outdoor, word of mouth advertising.

  Business Source Premier (EBSCO)
Business Source Premier is a full-text, scholarly and trade article database covering a wide range of topics including management, marketing, accounting, finance, economics, international business, operations management and management information systems.

  Communication & Mass Media Complete (EBSCO)
CMMC offers cover-to-cover indexing and abstracts for more than 570 journals, and selected coverage of nearly 200 more, for a combined coverage of more than 770 titles; furthermore, this database includes full text for over 450 journals. CMMC incorporates the content of CommSearch (formerly produced by the National Communication Association) and Mass Media Articles Index (formerly produced by Penn State) along with numerous other journals in communication, mass media, and other closely-related fields of study.

  ABI/INFORM Complete (ProQuest)
The most comprehensive ABI/INFORM™ database, this comprises ABI/INFORM Global, ABI/INFORM Trade and Industry, and ABI/INFORM Dateline. The database features thousands of full-text journals, dissertations, working papers, key business and economics periodicals, country-and industry-focused reports.

Media Kits

Media kits are informational packets made available by newspapers, magazines, and sometimes web sites, mobile sites and broadcast media that include information potential advertisers are likely to need to evaluate a property.  They typically include the editorial focus and calendar of the media, technical specifications for ads, advertising rates and most importantantly audience information.

MRI+ provides media kit links for consumer magazines only.  Most medial kits are discoverable by googling the property name and "media kit."

lhauck Linda Hauck
Business Librarian
Falvey Library, Villanova University
800 Lancaster Avenue
Villanova , PA , 19085
Falvey Library, Room 222


Last Modified: 2017-10-23 08:40:28