Chicago Manual of Style Online
featured ONLINE resources
Some subject-specific online resources
Concise Oxford dictionary of the Christian Church Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd ed.
Provides extensive facts and a detailed overview of Judaism, Jewish life and the contribution of Jews to world cultures from ancient to modern times. Source published in 2007. Online access via Gale Virtual Reference Library. Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice Encyclopedia of Bioethics (Gale)
Covers a wealth of topics on the ethics of health professions, animal research, population control and the environment. This work helps researchers to consider the impact of new scientific knowledge and its potential to harm or benefit present and future generations. Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy (Gale)
Examines the philosophical and ethical issues underlying contemporary and historical environmental issues, policies, and debates. Covers concepts, institutions, topics, events and people, including global warming, animal rights, environmental movements, alternative energy, green chemistry, industrial ecology, and eco-sabotage. Encyclopedia of Human Development Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Gale)
The Encyclopedia contains more than 2,100 entries including 1,000 biographical entries on major figures in philosophical thought throughout history.. Among the many topics covered are African, Islamic, Jewish, Russian, Chinese, and Buddhist philosophies; bioethics and biomedical ethics; art and aesthetics; epistemology; metaphysics; peace and war; social and political philosophy; the Holocaust; feminist thought; and much more. Encyclopedia of Religious and Spiritual Development Encyclopedia of World Poverty Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception Online
Contains the most current state of knowledge on the origins and development of the Bible in the canons within Judaism and Christianity. It documents the history of biblical reception, not only in Christian churches and the Jewish Diaspora, but also in Islam, other non-Western religious traditions and movements. Source originally published 2010 and continuously updated. Online access via De Gruyter. Human Rights Encyclopedia
Provides a country-by-country analysis of over 175 nations and their approach to human rights, followed by detailed examinations of topics such as torture, slavery, asylum, genocide, hostages, indigenous peoples, freedom of the press, and the right to education. New Catholic Encyclopedia, 2nd ed.
Explores many branches of knowledge with an emphasis on the Catholic worldview, the practices, places and personalities of Catholicism, the teachings of the Catholic Church, as well as topical articles on the Bible, theology, ethics, and philosophy. Content is from the revised New Catholic Encyclopedia, and includes entries from supplemental volumes. Online access via Gale Virtual Reference Library. New Dictionary of the History of Ideas New Pauly Online (advanced search)
Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium
Electronic access to Brill´s New Pauly, Der Neue Pauly, and their supplements.
With more than 5,000 entries by an international group of eminent historians, this is the standard research tool on 1,100 years of Byzantine history. Exhaustive in its coverage, entries on patriarchy and emperors coexist with entries on surgery, musical instruments, and the baking of bread, bringing to life this vastly important culture and empire, from the 4th century to the 15th. Oxford Dictionary of the Bible, 2nd ed. Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt
600 original articles written by leading scholars cover the ancient Egyptian civilization, from the pre-dynastic era to its eclipse in the seventh century CE. Topic covered include art, architecture, religion, language, literature, trade, politics, everyday social life and the culture of the court. Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome
Published in 2001.
Offers a comprehensive overview of the major cultures of the classical Mediterranean world -- Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman -- from the Bronze Age to the fifth century CE. It also covers the legacy of the classical world and its interpretation and influence in subsequent centuries. Oxford encyclopedia of the Reformation
A definitive source for information about the entire range of religious and social changes that altered the face of Europe in the sixteenth century, encompassing not only issues of church polity and theology but also developments in politics, economics, demographics, art and literature. The Oxford guide to the historical reception of Augustine World Christian Encyclopedia Online
Features comprehensive descriptions of all Christian traditions, including current information on the uniqueness of Christian experiences around the world. It contains estimates for religious and nonreligious affiliation in every country of the world, including detail on Christianity to the denominational level. Source is the 3rd edition of the World Christian Encyclopedia published in 2019. Online access via Brill Online.
Some reference resources in the library
Digital text collections
Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt (De Gruyter)
Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (ANRW) / Rise and Decline of the Roman World
is a 90 volume work of international cooperation in the field of historical scholarship. Organized as a handbook, ANRW is a survey of Roman Studies in the broadest sense, and includes the history of the reception and influence of Roman Culture up to the present time. Essays are in various languages.
The work is divided into three parts:
I. From the Origins of Rome to the End of the Republic
II. The Principate
III. Late Antiquity
Each part consists of six systematic sections, which occasionally overlap: 1. Political History, 2. Law, 3. Religion, 4. Language and Literature, 5. Philosophy and the Sciences, 6. The Arts. Corpus Augustinianum Gissense: CAG-online (Zentrum für Augustinus-Forschung)
Provides digital access to all known works of Augustine of Hippo (354-430) in the original Latin. Includes a bibliographic database of secondary literature on Augustine's life and works. Early American Imprints, Series I: Evans, 1639-1800 (Readex)
Features most of the books, pamphlets, and broadsides printed in America between 1639 and 1800. Titles were selected based on Charles Evans's American Bibliography. Early American Imprints, Series II: Shaw-Shoemaker, 1801-1819 (Readex)
Features most of the books, pamphlets, and broadsides published in America from 1801 through 1819. Contains many state papers and government reports. Titles were selected based on Ralph Shaw's and Richard H. Shoemaker's American Bibliography. Early English Books Online (ProQuest)
Provides access to digital page images of virtually every work printed in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and British North America and works in English printed elsewhere from 1473 to 1700. Includes books, pamphlets, manuscripts, and newspapers. For searchable text of selected titles see Early English Books Online -Text Creation Partnership. Eighteenth Century Collections Online: Parts I&II (Gale)
Offers full text access to nearly every English-language and foreign-language title printed in the United Kingdom, alongside thousands of works published in the Americas, between 1701 and 1800. Consists of books, pamphlets, broadsides, and ephemera. Multiple editions of individual works are offered where they add scholarly value or contain important differences. Hathi Trust Digital Library
Humanities Text Initiative Library of Latin Texts: Cross Database Searchtool (Brepols)
Provides full text access to digital copies of books, pamphlets, and journals available in the public domain. Most of the freely available texts are pre-1923 imprints and government documents. Also allows full-text searching of millions of publications that are still under copyright in order to aid discovery of relevant materials. The Hathi Trust collection largely mirrors content available through Google Books
, but only the latter platform permits the exports of public domain content.
The Cross Database Searchtool (CDS) enables users to search simultaneously the different full-text Latin databases from Brepols, and consult the entire Library of Latin Texts (LLT, Series A and B) in a combined set of search results. In general, CDS offers the same outlook and possibilities as each of the individual databases. The available filters are common to all databases of Brepols Latin: ‘Period', ‘Author', ‘Title' and ‘Century'. Should it be required, however, to search more specifically, it is always possible to return to the search pages of each of the individual databases and to use other filters which are not common to all databases. One Literature (ProQuest)
Features a digital library of English and American poetry, drama, and prose. Provides access to literary criticism indexed in ABELL and MLA International Bibliography and includes selective access to the full text of academic journals. Also includes full text access to a collection of dictionaries, encyclopedias, and biographical dictionaries. Loeb Classical Library (Harvard University Press)
Manchester Medieval Sources (Manchester University Press)
Offers online access to authoritative editions of Greek and Latin texts. English translations appear on facing pages, following the format of the print editions. The collection is searchable in English and in the original language. Also available in print
Offers access to a growing collection of translations of key primary sources. Series editors are Rosemary Horrox and Simon MacLean. Most volumes are also available in print. Oxyrhynchus Online (Oxford University)
An indexed image database of the the Oxyrhynchus Papyri. Past Masters (InteLex)
Contains selected full text of scholarly editions of many philosophers, theologians and literary writers: Anselm, Aquinas, Aristotle, Augustine, Austen, Chesterton, Descartes, Dewey, Feuerbach, Fichte, Foucault, Francis of Assisi, Hegel, Hobbes, Hume, Kant, Kierkegaard, Leibniz, Locke, Luther, Machiavelli, Marx and Engels, Merleau-Ponty, Montesquieu, Newman, Nietzsche, Ockham, Pascal, Peirce, Plato, Poinsot, Royce, Santayana, Schopenhauer, Shelley, Spinoza, Synge, Wittgenstein and Wollstonecraft, as well as collections for British Philosophy 1600-1900, The Continental Rationalists, The Latin Background: 1100-1550, and The Romantic Age. Patrologia Graeca (Religion and Technology Center, Inc.)
Provides the full text of Jacques-Paul Migne's Patrologiae Graecae. Contains more than 160 volumes of Greek material (with Latin translations) relevant to the study of the history of the Christian Church from its beginnings through the Council of Florence in 1439. Patrologia Latina (Chadwyck-Healey/ProQuest)
Provides the full text of the first edition of Jacques-Paul Migne's Patrologia Latina, a collection of the works of the Church Fathers covering the history of Latin Christianity until AD 1216. Perseus Digital Library
Covers the history, literature and culture of the Greco-Roman world, including texts and images, and applies what has been learned from Classical Studies to other subjects within the humanities and beyond. RELMIN (Institut du Pluralisme Religieux et de l'Athéisme - IPRA)
Presents legal texts related to the status of religious minorities in the Euro-Mediterranean world (5th-15th centuries). The sources are presented in their original language (Latin, Arabic, Greek, Hebrew, etc.) together with English and French translations, notes, commentaries, and bibliographies. Conference proceedings
published by the RELMIN project are available in the open access archive HAL
. A detailed description
of this project written by its director was published in Medieval Worlds
The project was funded by the European Research Council and directed by John Tolan, Université de Nantes.
Sabin Americana, 1500-1926 (Gale)
The French language interface is the default access point. A link at the top of the screen toggles to the English language interface. English translations, notes, and commentaries are only available via the English interface.
Offers digital access to books, pamphlets, serials, and other sources published worldwide from 1500 to the early 20th century and documenting the history of the Americas. Titles were selected based on Joseph Sabin's Bibliotheca Americana. Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (University of California, Irvine)
Limitations on Use
Includes most literary texts written in Greek from Homer (8th century BCE) to the fall of Byzantium (1453 AD).
Limitations on Use:
• Users may not use or permit the use of the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae (“TLG”) materials by any form of remote or telecommunications access other than that provided by the TLG and its servers. Off-campus access is permitted with VU log-in credentials.
• Users may not under any circumstances download, print, make copies of and/or distribute the TLG materials.
• Users may not make back-up or archival copies of the TLG materials.
• Users may not use robots, spiders, or intelligent agents to access, search and/or systematically download any portion of the TLG materials.
• Users may not allow use of the TLG materials by individuals who are not Villanova students, employees, or library visitors.
• Users may not modify, manipulate, or create a derivative work of the TLG materials without the prior written permission of TLG.
• Users may not use the TLG materials for commercial purposes, including but not limited to the sale of the TLG materials, fee-for service use of the TLG materials, or bulk reproduction or distribution of the TLG materials in any form.
Note: All of the above prohibitions and restrictions upon the use of the TLG materials apply equally to reformatted versions of the TLG materials whose data format has been modified to permit analyses on other data processing systems.
The TLG materials are intended for non-commercial scholarly use. Permissive use includes processing, investigation, and analysis of the TLG materials, provided such processing is not undertaken for purposes of producing a commercially published document which includes extensive portions of the TLG materials or which reproduces all or part of the TLG materials in a form differing from the original form primarily as a result of mechanical, electronic, or other manipulation.
Examples of permitted use are the following: searches for words and phrases; statistical analyses; the production of indices and concordances intended for use as intermediate tools by the scholar or scholarly team engaged in research into the data and not intended for wider distribution; and all other text processing and text manipulation activities which are clearly identifiable as scholarly research. Examples of uses which are not permitted are the publication of a Greek text from materials supplied by TLG if such text does not reflect the addition of significant value by the editor, the downloading and reformatting of the texts for redistribution, or the production of scholarly tools which consist primarily of a mechanical, electronic or other similar rearrangement of text and are intended for commercial publication and distribution.
Users are not restricted from publishing the results of scholarly investigation and analysis of the TLG materials. In any publication arising from the use of TLG materials, the author(s) shall acknowledge the Thesaurus Linguae Graecae as the source of the material which assisted the author(s)’s investigations and shall indicate that such material is copyrighted by TLG and the Regents of the University of California.
Personal account and login required; click on the "register" link on the upper right to create an account.
Current news and opinion
ABI/INFORM Complete (ProQuest)
Provides access to scholarly journals, dissertations, working papers, key business and economics periodicals, and country- and industry-focused reports. Access World News (NewsBank)
Provides full text access to national and international newspaper articles and radio and television news transcripts. Many newspapers, including the Philadelphia Inquirer, offer full-image “page view” format. Includes user-friendly subject browse feature, as well as full text searchability. Coverage varies. Arts & Letters Daily
a service of the Chronicle of Higher Education BBC News
Visit BBC News for up-to-the-minute news, breaking news, video, audio and feature stories. BBC News provides trusted World and UK news as well as local and regional perspectives. Also entertainment, business, science, technology and health news. Catholic News Service
U.S. Catholic news agengy EWTN News
Eternal Word Television Network - Vatican and Catholic world news. Ethnic NewsWatch (ProQuest)
Offers access to the full text of articles from newspapers, magazines, and journals of the ethnic, minority, and native press. While most of the content is in English, some content in non-English languages is included. Coverage for most newspapers and magazines goes back to the early 1990s, but earlier content is also available. Internet Public Library Newspapers
Online newspapers from around the world. New York Times (NYTimes.com)
Offers access to all sections of the NYTimes.com website without monthly limits. Coverage from 1851 to present, with limited availability of articles from 1923-1980. For full text access to all NYT content except the most recent five years, use ProQuest Historical Newspapers
Subscription courtesy of the Provost's Office and Falvey Memorial Library.
Users are required to create an individual account in order to access the NYT from off-campus or via mobile app. Create your account at AccessNYT.com
. Download mobile apps from nytimes.com/mobile
. Once your account is created, you can use it to log on to NYTimes.com from anywhere with full access. Your institutional affiliation must be confirmed once a year at AccessNYT.com
Limitations on Use
Formerly known as LexisNexis Academic. Provides full text access to national and international newspaper and magazine articles and news transcripts, business, company, and industry information in the U.S. and abroad, and legal documents, including U.S. Federal and State court cases, and law reviews. Coverage varies.
Limitations on Use:
LexisNexis online services and the materials contained therein are under copyright by LexisNexis. All rights reserved. No part of these Services may be used except for research purposes, and the Services may not be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of the LexisNexis Academic Library Solutions. Materials retrieved from the Services may not be duplicated in hard copy or machine-readable form without the prior written authorization of LexisNexis Academic & Library Solutions, except that limited reproduction of output is permitted solely for individual use by the Authorized User or internal distribution within the Subscribing Institution in accordance with the terms of this Agreement unless further limited or prohibited by the Copyright Act of 1976. Under no circumstances may the Materials or any portion thereof be used to create derivative products or services.
Features electronic archives for selected journals of opinion, including Commonweal, Dissent, The New Leader, The Progressive, Orion, American Spectator and The Weekly Standard. Philadelphia Inquirer, 1981- (NewsBank)
Provides full text access to articles published since 1981. Does not include ads, calendar listings, horoscopes, sports statistics, stock tables, weather forecasts, and puzzles. Religion Dispatches
Independent Website with writing on critical and timely issues at the intersection of religion, politics and culture. Reuters Top US News
Data & statistics
Various freely available Web resources
Catholic Research Resources Portal
The Catholic Research Resources Portal, or "Catholic Portal," provides access to rare, unique and/or uncommon materials in libraries, seminaries, special collections and archives. By electronically bringing together resources in many formats from many collections, the Portal enables easy, effective and global discovery of Catholic research resources. Christian History Timelines
Copyright © 1990 by the author or Christianity Today/Christian History magazine. From Jesus to Christ Chronology
Hans Urs Von Balthasar internet archive
"From Jesus to Christ: The First Christians" is a PBS/FRONTLINE series on new and controversial historical evidence which challenges familiar assumptions about the life of Jesus and the epic rise of Christianity.
Document meta site Index of Medieval Art (Princeton University)
Indexes, describes, and selectively presents medieval art objects with a focus on Christian iconography. Also includes Jewish, Islamic, and non-ecclesiastical subjects. Records include descriptive information, provenance, location and ownership information, bibliographical references, and, when available, a photographic reproduction of the work of art. Formerly known as Index of Christian Art. Media/Culture Reviews
From the University of Queensland, Brisbane, a online publication devoted to analysing and critiquing media and culture. Theology Library
document meta site Virtual Religion Index
document meta site